Which of the following statements exemplifies a null hypothesis
The null hypothesis represents which of the following statements
Wong, P. T. P. (2011). Positive psychology 2.0: Towards a balanced interactive model of the good life. , (2), 69–81. doi:10.1037/a0022511. This paper first describes the growing pains and challenges of the positive psychology (PP) movement and identifies the four pillars of the good life as meaning, virtue, resilience, and well–being, which are all shaped by culture. I then introduce three issues that characterise the second wave of PP (referred to as PP 2.0). The first concerns the need for a comprehensive taxonomy of PP. The second involves the hypothesis that meaning–orientation and happiness–orientation represent two different visions of the good life with profound practical implications. Eudaimonia is viewed as meaning plus virtue. The third issue concerns a dual–systems model as a way to integrate the complex interactions between the negatives and positives to optimise positive outcomes in various situations. I conclude that PP 2.0 is characterised by a balanced, interactive, meaning–centered, and cross–cultural perspective.
Which of the following best represents a NULL hypothesis
Vaillant, G. E. (2000). Adaptive mental mechanisms their role in a positive psychology [Special issue]. , (1), 89. doi:10.1037/0003–066X.55.1.89 Psychology needs a metric for positive mental health that would be analogous to the IQ tests that measure above average intelligence. The Defensive Function Scale of the DSM–IV offers a possible such metric. In the present article the author links the transformational qualities of defenses at the mature end of the Defensive Function Scale (altruism, suppression, humor, anticipation, and sublimation) to positive psychology. First, the methodological problems involved in the reliable assessment of defenses are acknowledged. Next, the use of prospective longitudinal study to overcome such difficulties and to provide more reliable definition and measurement of defenses is outlined. Evidence is also offered that, unlike many psychological measures, the maturity of defenses is quite independent of social class, education, and IQ. Last, evidence is offered to illustrate the validity of mature defenses and their contribution to positive psychology.