An 18-month-old Lurcher was anaesthetized for surgical ligation of a patent ductus arteriosus using a target-controlled infusion (TCI) of propofol and a variable rate infusion of remifentanil. Before anaesthesia, radiographic and echocardiographic examination indicated that the dog had left-sided congestive heart failure and impaired left ventricular systolic function. Ramipril and furosemide were administered pre-operatively. Following pre-anaesthetic medication with morphine, 0.5 mg kg-1, by intramuscular injection, and pre-oxygenation, remifentanil was infused for 5 minutes at 0.2 μg kg-1 minute-1, followed by induction of anaesthesia using intravenous propofol administered by TCI, set at a target concentration of 3.5 μg mL-1 of propofol in blood. Tracheal intubation was performed and 100% oxygen delivered through a non-rebreathing (Bain) system and then a circle system in the operating theatre. Anaesthesia was maintained with propofol and remifentanil, adjusted according to clinical requirements. Peri-operative analgesia consisted of intercostal bupivacaine nerve block, with meloxicam, morphine and remifentanil.

Management of patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants

"Etiology of Patent Ductus Arteriosus in Dogs" by James …

Persistence of the ductus arteriosus in dog. - CAB Direct

Follow the instructions provided below:
A. Solid academic writing is expected and in-text citations and references should be presented using APA documentation guidelines. Respond to other student?s post.
B. Answer the questions of this scenario:
Your patient, Mrs. Winters, is a 31 year old female who is 189 days pregnant with a baby boy. Her date of conception was March 23, 2013. Mrs. Winters in complaining of abdominal pain and cramping radiating to her back for approximately 3 hours. She denies any vaginal bleeding or discharge. Mrs. Winters tells you her OB doctor has informed her that the baby has a ductus arteriosus malformation that could lead to PDA during delivery.

Two cases of patent ductus arteriosus in the dog

Thesolutions are applied to study the hemodynamics in the vicinity of a patentductus arteriosus (PDA): a shunt between the aorta and pulmonary arteryin some adults.

Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is one of the most common congenital heart disorders in dogs

Ein Aneurysma des Ductus arteriosus Botalli

placebo in the management of clinically and/or echocardiographically important patent ductus arteriosus in preterm infants at greater than 24 hours of life

Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA) « New Drug Approvals

Cyanosis in the Newborn Ductus arteriosus ..