Human rights are rights as regarded belonging to all people.
Human rights are agreed to exist because a majority says they do.
Still, human rights are morewidely accepted than they have ever been. They have become part of thecurrency of international relations, and most countries participate inthe human rights system. Treaty arrangements help encourage andpressure countries to deal with their human rights problems. The humanrights project continues and has not failed.
And the human species can only survive with procreation.
Success in promoting human rights requires hard-to-achieve success inother areas including building more capable, responsive, efficient,and non-corrupt governments, dealing with failed states, increasingeconomic productivity (to pay for the protections and services thathuman rights require), improving the power and status of women,improving education, and managing international tensions andconflicts. Realizing human rights worldwide is a project forcenturies, not decades. This is not to say, however, that progresscannot proceed at a faster pace than it currently does.
These are each examples of human rights violations.
At the 1993 World Conference on Human Rights in Vienna, countriesincluding Singapore, Malaysia, China, and Iran advocated accommodationswithin human rights practice for cultural and economicdifferences. Western representatives tended to view the positionof these countries as excuses for repression andauthoritarianism. The Conference responded by approving the . It included in Article 5 the assertion that countries should not pickand choose among human rights: “All human rights are universal,indivisible and interdependent and interrelated. The internationalcommunity must treat human rights globally in a fair and equal manner,on the same footing, and with the same emphasis. While thesignificance of national and regional particularities and varioushistorical, cultural and religious backgrounds must be borne in mind,it is the duty of States, regardless of their political, economic andcultural systems, to promote and protect all human rights andfundamental freedoms.”
LLM Program in International Human Rights
Perhaps the debate about relativism and human rights has becomeobsolete. In recent decades widespread acceptance of human rights hasoccurred in most parts of the world. Three quarters of theworld’s countries have ratified the major human rights treaties,and many countries in Africa, the Americas, and Europe participate inregional human rights regimes that have international courts (see below). Further, all ofthe world's countries now use similar political institutions (law,courts, legislatures, executives, militaries, bureaucracies, police,prisons, taxation, and public schools) and these institutions carrywith them characteristic problems and abuses (Donnelly 2003: 46, 92;Nickel 2007, 173–4). Finally, globalization has diminished thedifferences among peoples. Today’s world is not the one thatearly anthropologists and missionaries found. National and culturalboundaries are breached not just by international trade but also bymillions of travelers and migrants, electronic communications,international law covering many areas, and the efforts ofinternational governmental and non-governmentalorganizations. International influences and organizations areeverywhere and countries borrow freely and regularly from eachother’s inventions and practices.