the hypothesis that television ..

Research findings reveal that never before have young children spent such considerable amounts of time “not interacting directly with the world around them—not exploring objects, not engaging in motor activity, not interacting with other people (DeLoache & Chiong, 2009). These research findings carry important implications for parents and Christian educators. Young children’s spiritual, social, emotional, physical, cognitive, and linguistic development demand an informed approach to the use of television and video.

The second major hypothesis links television ..

Testing the Influence of the Health Belief Model and a Television Program on Nutrition Behavior

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In the Schmidt et al. (2002) study young children were observed while playing with toys in a room for one hour. During the first thirty minutes a television program played in the background, the television was turned off for the remaining thirty minutes of play. Findings show that children’s toy play was disrupted by background television; resulting in less play overall, shorter play episodes, and shorter periods of focused attention (Schmidt et al., 2002).

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Schmidt et al. (2002) conducted an experiment to test the hypothesis that background adult television is a disruptive influence on young children’s play. They were compelled to conduct the study in light of previous research which shows that television exposure for children thirty months and younger is associated with poorer cognitive and language development. These findings were corroborated by other studies that show that levels of ambient noise and household chaos are negatively related to cognitive development among children five years of age and younger. Background noise has also been shown to have a negative association with a mother’s verbal responsiveness (Schmidt et al., 2002).

Through a poignant statement, Callahan (2007) reveals that “the Noise”, i.e., television, has for many families, become a god. She says,

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After conducting a national survey of parents of children ages zero months to six years the Kaiser Family Foundation reports that in America, media use has become an integral part of daily life (DeLoache & Chiong, 2009). According to the Kaiser report, children in the 1970’s were not exposed to television until the age of two. Nowadays young children are exposed to screen media as early as six months: 38% of children ages six to twenty-three months know how to turn the television on, 40% can change channels on the remote, and 7% can load a video on a DVD player. (DeLoache & Chiong, 2009).

Cultivation theory states that high frequency viewers of television are more ..

Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media ..

Okuma and Tanimura (2009) report that pediatricians in Japan recently declared that delayed language development and impaired social skills such as not speaking, lack of expression, or eye contact are found in young children with heavy television and video watching habits. These statements corroborate their findings. Okuma and Tanimura (2009) found that children who have a habit of heavy television watching were more likely to show delayed language development. Okuma and Tanimura (2009) also found that children who watched television alone were more likely to show delayed speech. These children displayed less language comprehension, pointing behavior, and fine motor ability (Okuma & Tanimura, 2009).

02/02/2015 · It’s a well-known fact that the rise of the Internet has led to a decline in the amount of television ..

Beliefs about relationships in relation to television ..

The Department of Pediatrics at the University of Washington, conducted a study to test the hypothesis that television exposure (ages one and three year olds) is associated with attention problems at age seven. They found that ten percent of the children tested had attentional problems at age seven. Researchers assert that their research findings are a compelling argument for the reduction of television exposure in young children (Christakis et al., 2004).

Television Hypothesis. Belief that TV is to blame for the low level of citizen’s knowledge about public affairs. Influencing Public Opinion.

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The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that children younger than twenty-four months of age should not be exposed to television. It also suggests that children twenty-four months and older only be exposed to two hours of screen time per day (Chonchaiya & Pruksananonda, 2008). At the time the AAP made these recommendations in 1999, there was limited research on the effects of television on young children. The suggestions were made based primarily on research done on older children (Anderson & Pempek, 2005). Since then researchers have asked themselves: what are the effects of television and videos on young children?