The term "Sapir–Whorf hypothesis ..

A possible argument against the strong ("") version of this idea, that most thought is constrained by language, can be discovered through personal experience: all people have occasional difficulty expressing themselves due to constraints in the language, and are conscious that the language is not adequate for what they mean. Perhaps they say or write something, and then think "that's not quite what I meant to say" or perhaps they cannot find a good way to explain a concept they understand to a novice. This makes it clear that what is being thought is not a set of words, because one can understand a concept without being able to express it in words. However, this criticism may be countered by the argument that in a social context, the inability to express a concept is just as much a constraint as an inability to formulate it. An idea which cannot be expressed cannot be promulgated; cannot be used to build a group concensus; and therefore cannot drive political action - consequently, it has as much practical social impact as if it had never been conceived at all. Therefore, while the strong hypothesis may not hold true for an individual, it remains valid for an entire society.

Sapir-Whorf hypothesis | Define Sapir-Whorf hypothesis …

A testable Whorfian hypothesis will have a schematic form something like this:

The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis Flashcards | Quizlet

Emergentists tend to follow Edward Sapir in taking an interest in interlinguistic and intralinguistic variation. Linguistic anthropologists have explicitly taken up the task of defending a famous claim associated with Sapir that connects linguistic variationto differences in thinking and cognition more generally. The claim isvery often referred to as the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis(though this is a largely infelicitous label, as we shall see).

The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis suggests that a

Whorf himself did not offer a hypothesis. He presented his “newprinciple of linguistic relativity” (Whorf 1956: 214) as a factdiscovered by linguistic analysis:

John Lucy, a conscientious and conservative researcher of Whorfian hypotheses, has remarked:

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A more 'Whorfian' approach might be represented by authors such as , who have argued all language is essentially metaphor. For instance, English employs many metaphorical tropes that in one way or another equate time with money, e.g.:

Sapir-Whorf hypothesis - Nick Yee

Other languages do not make such comparisions; a Whorfian interpretation would be that this usage influences the way English speakers conceive of the abstract quality of "time." For another example, political arguments, are shaped by the web of conceptual metaphors that underlie language use. In political debates, it matters a great deal whether one is arguing in favor of the "right to life" or the "right to choose"; whether one is discussing "illegal aliens" or "undocumented workers."

Sapir-Whorf hypothesis - Nick Yee's HomePage


In this interview, linguist Dan Everett suggests that the language of Piraha is a result of cultural necessity. If this is true, can the Sapir/Whorf hypothesis still be correct? Here is on the subject. Here is a of that work. And here is Everett's of the critique. These works are technical (tough slogging), but they show just how slippery the reasoning must always be when so little is known about what actually happens in the brain.

04/01/2018 · Define Sapir-Whorf hypothesis

Whorf's formulation of this "" is often as a "prisonhouse" view of language in which one's thinking and behavior is completely and utterly shaped by one's language. While some people might make this "vulgar Whorfian" , Whorf himself sought merely to insist that thought and action were linguistically and socially mediated. In doing so he opposed what he called a "natural " position which he claimed believed "talking, or the use of language, is supposed only to 'express' what is essentially already formulated nonlinguistically" ( p. 207). On this account, he argued, "thought does not depend on grammar but on laws of logic or which are supposed to be the same for all observers of the " ( p. 208).

The sapir whorf hypothesis suggests that a

Sapir was one of Boas' star students. He furthered Boas' argument by noting that languages were systematic, formally complete systems. Thus, it was not this or that particular word that expressed a particular mode of thought or behavior, but that the coherent and systematic nature of language interacted at a wider level with thought and behavior. While his views changed over time, it seems that towards the end of his life Sapir came to believe that language did not merely mirror culture and habitual action, but that language and thought might in fact be in a relationship of mutual influence or perhaps even determination.