Acetone peroxide is an organic peroxide and a primary high explosive
TATP Synthesis | Sulfuric Acid | Explosive Material
Acetone Peroxide can be made from common easily obtainable items - Acetone, Hydrogen Peroxide and a catalyst such as sulphuric acid. AP is usually used as a primary explosive (detonator) and never used as a main filler explosive, due to it's sensitivity. AP will easily detonate in contact with fire, heat or friction. When ignited in small amounts, it creates a large fireball. When confined or large amounts are used, it detonates without any flame. AP is one of the most friction sensitive explosive known, and great care is needed to handle this explosive. Furthermore, as with other explosive peroxides, AP is very volatile. If left 10 days at RTP, almost 50% of the sample will completely volatize. Due to it's vaporizable nature, it would have to be used almost immediately after manufacture. Mixtures of R.D.X. and Picric acid with acetone peroxide are reported to be used between primary explosive and the base charge. Mixtures such as picric acid / acetone peroxide (40/60) or similar mixtures with R.D.X. and P.E.T.N. will give explosives greatly increased resistance to impact without losing much performance. These dried crystals would be ready to load into detonators for immediate use as the storage stability is not very good.
Loneoceans Laboratories - Acetone Peroxide Synthesis
• October 2010: Three hazmat team members in North Carolina were injured while assisting bomb squad members at a location suspected of manufacturing triacetone triperoxide (TATP).
Other TATP detection methods have ..
All the instructions are fairly simple, and while following them might be extremely dangerous - an estimated 40 Palestinians have died while making TATP - experts say most of the mixtures would be effective.
of TATP synthesized without recrystallization has ..
The team also recently showed that this detection strategy works quickly and reliably in an inexpensive handheld prototype device that exhibits sensitivity to TATP in the low parts-per-billion range ( 2015, DOI: ).
determination of triacetone triperoxide (TATP)
Any of these detection methods—and others under development, —can alert a security officer to the presence of TATP. As Oxley points out, TATP is fairly easy to detect because it has a relatively high vapor pressure and is therefore volatile. But these methods can succeed only if the source of the explosive—a suitcase, car, or terrorist’s contaminated clothing or hair—is screened.