A potentially game-changing new artificial photosynthesis ..
BNL | Chemistry | Artificial Photosynthesis Group
AB - This book provides a systematic and integrated framework to examine key enabling components in the emerging area of synthetic biology. Unique contributions from thought leaders address tools and methodologies developed for engineering biological systems at many levels, including molecular, pathway, network, whole cell, and multi-cell levels. It highlights many exciting examples of practical applications of synthetic biology such as microbial production of biofuels and drugs, artificial cells, synthetic viruses, and artificial photosynthesis. In addition, it discusses challenges and future prospects in synthetic biology. Synthetic biology is the design and construction of new biological entities, such as enzymes, genetic circuits, and cells, or the redesign of existing biological systems. It builds on the advances in molecular, cell, and systems biology and seeks to transform biology in the same way that synthesis transformed chemistry and integrated circuit design transformed computing. The element that distinguishes synthetic biology from traditional molecular and cellular biology is the focus on the design and construction of core components that can be modeled, understood, and tuned to meet specific performance criteria and the assembly of these smaller parts and devices into larger integrated systems that solve specific biotechnology problems. Includes contributions from leaders in the field presents examples of ambitious synthetic biology efforts including creation of artificial cells from scratch, cell-free synthesis of chemicals, fuels, and proteins, engineering of artificial photosynthesis for biofuels production, and creation of unnatural living organisms Describes the latest state-of-the-art tools developed for low-cost synthesis of ever-increasing sizes of DNA and efficient modification of proteins, pathways, and genomes Highlights key technologies for analyzing biological systems at the genomic, proteomic, and metabolomic levels which are especially valuable in pathway, whole cell, and multi-cell applications Details mathematical modeling tools and computational tools which can dramatically increase the speed of the design process as well as reduce the cost of development.
Artificial photosynthesis and carbon capture for producing biofuels
Synthetic Biology emerged in the USA around the beginning of the 21st century. Support for the first version of iGEM, the "International Competitive Student Design of Synthetic Biological Finite State Machines" was awarded in 2003 to bio-, computer- and electrical engineers Drew Endy, Gerald Sussman, and Tom Knight at MIT. It marks an important milestone in what would become a thriving discipline at the intersection of engineering and the biological and physical sciences aimed at applying engineering design principles to understand and harness thehidden potential of biology for making useful products in a sustainable manner. What spawned the field of Synthetic Biology remains debatable; but, it became clear early on that for Synthetic Biology to meet expectations, a convergence of science and engineering disciplines would be essential.