IR spectra of flexible polyester resin with urethane polyols ..

Triolo was born and raised in South Philadelphia. He received his BS in chemistry from St. Joseph College and his PhD in organic synthesis from the University of Pennsylvania in 1958. During two summers of graduate school at Penn, he worked at the Philadelphia Naval Base in the High Polymer Lab.

Synthesis of flexible polyester with urethane polyol

Huntsman offers a portfolio of TEROL polyester polyols for the polyurethanes industry

Synthesis and characterization of polyurethane …

Polyester Fibers Chemical Economics Handbook Published November 2016 Polyester fiber has become the fiber of choice within the textile industry...

US6080853A - Polyol polyester synthesis - Google Patents

Polyester Fibers Chemical Economics Handbook Published November 2016 Polyester fiber has become the fiber of choice within the textile industry...

The preparation of PU wood adhesives was carried out by the reaction of each obtained polyester polyol with 4, 4′-diphenylmethane diisocyanate (MDI).

There are two main types of polyurethane: polyester and polyether

The polyester polyols were synthesized by condensation polymerization of different dicarboxylic acids with castor oil and the reaction conditions were in agreement with green chemistry principles.

Resin Modifiers: K-FLEX & K-POL | King Industries, Inc.

Scott D. Thompson, Larry J. Markoski, Jeffrey S. Moore, Ibrahim Sendijarevic, Anand Lee, and Anthony J. McHugh, “Synthesis and Characterization of Hyperbranched Aromatic Poly(ether imide)s with Varying Degrees of Branching”,Macromolecules; 2000; 33(17); 6412-6415.

A great polyol variety is used in PU's

Polyols
1.1 Introduction

2 Basic Chemistry of Polyurethanes
2.1 Reaction of Isocyanates with Alcohols
2.2 Reaction of Isocyanates with Water
2.3 Reaction of Isocyanates with Urethanes
2.4 Reaction of Isocyanates with Urea Groups
2.5 Reaction of Isocyanates with Carboxylic Acids
2.6 Dimerisation of Isocyanates
2.7 Trimerisation of Isocyanates
2.8 Reaction of Isocyanates with Epoxide Compounds
2.9 Reaction of Isocyanates with Cyclic Anhydrides
2.10 Prepolymer Technique
2.11 Quasiprepolymer Technique
2.12 One-Shot Technique
2.13 Several Considerations on the Polyaddition Reaction

3 General Characteristics of Oligo-Polyols
3.1 Hydroxyl Number
3.2 Functionality
3.3 Molecular Weight and Molecular Weight Distribution
3.4 Equivalent Weight
3.5 Water Content
3.6 Primary Hydroxyl Content
3.7 Reactivity
3.8 Specific Gravity
3.9 Viscosity
3.10 Colour
3.11 Acid Number
3.12 Renewable Content

4 Polyether Polyols for Elastic Polyurethanes
4.1 Polyalkylene Oxide Polyether Polyols
4.1.1 Synthesis of Polyether Triols Based on Glycerol Homopolymers of Propylene Oxide
4.1.1.1 Anionic Propylene Oxide Polymerisation Reaction Initiated by Glycerol
4.1.1.2 Transfer Reactions in Anionic Polymerisation of Alkyleneoxides
4.1.2 Kinetics of Propylene Oxide Addition to Glycerol
4.1.2.1 General Considerations
4.1.2.2 Kinetics of Propylene Oxide and Ethylene Oxide Anionic Polymerisation (Propagation Reaction)
4.1.3 Random Copolyethers Propylene Oxide–Ethylene Oxide(Heteropolyether Polyols)
4.1.3.1 Other Random Copolyethers Obtained by Anionic Polymerisation
4.1.4 Polyether Polyols Block Copolymers Propylene Oxide–Ethylene Oxide
4.1.4.1 Synthesis of Polyether Polyols, Block Copolymers Propylene Oxide–Ethylene Oxide with Terminal Poly[EO] Block
4.1.4.1.1 The Effect of the Catalyst Concentration on the Primary Hydroxyl Content
4.1.4.1.2 The Effect of Ethylene Oxide Addition Rate on the Primary Hydroxyl Content
4.1.4.1.3 The Effect of Ethoxylation Temperature on the Primary Hydroxyl Content
4.1.4.1.4 The Effect of the Catalyst Nature on the Primary Hydroxyl Content
4.1.4.1.5 Removing Propylene Oxide before the Ethoxylation Reaction
4.1.5 Technology for Polyether Polyol Fabrication
4.1.5.1 Preparation of Starter-Catalyst Solution
4.1.5.2 Anionic Polymerisation of Alkylene Oxides Initiated by Polyolic Starters
4.1.5.3 Digestion
4.1.5.4 Degassing
4.1.5.5 Polyether Polyols Purification
4.1.5.5.1 Neutralisation with Acids of Poptassium Hydroxide, Followed by the Crystallisation of the Resulting Potassium Salts and Filtration
4.1.5.5.2 Treatment with Adsorbents
4.1.5.5.3 Treatment with Solid Inorganic Compounds
4.1.5.5.4 Treatment with Ion Exchange Resins
4.1.5.5.5 Polyether Polyol Purification by Extraction Processes
4.1.5.5.6 Other Methods of Polyether Purification
4.1.5.6 Polyether Polyols Stabilisation
4.1.5.6.1 The Problem of the Presence of High-Molecular Weight Polypropylene Oxide in Propylene Oxide Monomer
4.1.5.7 The Problem of Colour in Polyether Polyol Fabrication
4.1.5.7.1 The Oxygen Content in the Inert Gas
4.1.5.7.2 The Propionaldehyde Content of Propylene Oxide Monomer (or Acetaldehyde in Ethylene Oxide) and the Aldehyde Content of Starter
4.1.5.7.3 Effect of the Purification Step on the Polyether Polyol Colour
4.1.5.8 The Problem of Odour of Polyether Polyols
4.1.5.9 Considerations of the ‘Scorching’ Phenomenon
4.2 Anionic Polymerisation of Alkylene Oxides Catalysed by Phosphazenium Compounds
4.3 High-Molecular Weight Polyether Polyols Based on Polyamine Starters: Autocatalytic Polyether Polyols

5 Synthesis of High-Molecular Weight Polyether Polyols with Double Metal Cyanide Catalysts
5.1 Continuous Process for Synthesis of Polyether Polyols with a Double Metal Cyanide Catalyst (IMPACT Catalyst Technology, a Greener Polyether Polyols Process)

6 Polymer Polyols (Filled Polyols)
6.1 Graft Polyether Polyols
6.2 The Chemistry of the Graft Polyether Polyol Synthesis
6.2.1 Generation In Situ of Non-Aqueous Dispersant by Grafting Reactions
6.2.2 Stabilisation of Polymer Dispersions in Polymer Polyols with Macromers (Reactive Non-Aqueous Dispersant)
6.2.3 Non-reactive Non-Aqueous Dispersants
6.2.4 The Mechanism of Polymer Particle Formation in Polymer Polyols Synthesis by Radical Polymerisation
6.3 The Technology of Polymer Polyols Manufacture by Radical Processes
6.3.1 Graft Polyether Polyols with High Solid Content
6.3.1.1 Synthesis of a Macromer
6.3.1.2 Synthesis of a Preformed Stabiliser
6.3.1.3 Synthesis of Graft Polyether Polyols
6.3.2 Synthesis of Polymer Polyols by using Preformed Aqueous Polymeric Lattices
6.4 Poly Harnststoff Dispersion Polymer Polyols (Polyurea Dispersions)
6.5 Polyisocyanate Polyaddition Polymer Polyols
6.6 Other Polymer Polyols
6.7 Epoxy Dispersions
6.7.1 Polyamide Dispersions
6.7.2 Aminoplast Dispersions

7 Polyether Polyols by Cationic Polymerisation Processes
7.1 Polytetrahydrofuran (Polytetramethylene Glycols)
7.2 High-Molecular Weight Polyalkylene Oxide Polyols by Cationic Polymerisation
7.3 Polyether Diols and Triols, Copolymers Tetrahydrofuran- alkylene Oxides

8 Polyester Polyols for Elastic Polyurethanes
8.1 Chemistry of Polyester Polyol Synthesis
8.2 Consideration of the Kinetics of Polyesterification Reactions
8.2.1 Self-Catalysed Polyesterification Reactions (Without Catalyst)
8.2.2 Side Reactions in Polyesterification
8.2.3 Hydrolysis Resistant Polyester Polyols
8.3 Technology for Polyester Polyols Fabrication
8.4 Poly(e-caprolactone) Polyols
8.5 Polycarbonate Polyols

9 Polybutadiene Polyols
9.1 Polybutadiene Polyols by Radical Polymerisation of Butadiene
9.2 Synthesis of Polybutadiene Polyols by Radical Polymerisation of Butadiene
9.3 Synthesis of Polybutadiene Polyols by Anionic Polymerisation of Butadiene

10 Crylic Polyols

11 Polysiloxane Polyols

Postface
Abbreviations
Index

Volume II:

1.