Synthesis of magnesium stearate
Synthesis and characterization of iron stearate compounds
This paper describes the synthesis of long-chain fatty esters of corn starch (starch laurate and starch stearate) with a broad range in degree of substitution (DS = 0.24-2.96). The fatty esters were prepared by reacting the starch with vinyl laurate or vinyl stearate in the presence of basic catalysts (Na(2)HPO(4), K(2)CO(3), and Na acetate) in DMSO at 110 degrees C. The yellowish products were characterized by (1)H-, (13)C-NMR and FTIR. The DS of the products is a function of the carbon number of the fatty acid chain, vinyl ester to starch ratio and the type of catalyst. When performing the reactions using Na(2)HPO(4) as the catalyst, the DS for the starch laurate compounds is higher than for the corresponding starch stearates. For low vinyl ester to starch ratios, an increase in the vinyl ester concentration leads to higher product DS values. At higher ratios, the DS decreases, presumably due to a reduction of the polarity of the reaction medium. K(2)CO(3) and Na acetate are superior catalysts with respect to activity compared to Na(2)HPO(4) and products with DS values close to 3 were obtained.
Ethyl stearate synthesis essay - Graturck
Lipogenesis occurs both in liver and adipose tissuesresulting in the synthesis of fatty acids fromacetyl CoA synthesized by glycolysis (). Acetyl CoA is then carboxylatedby ACC forming malonyl CoA. Malonyl CoA and acetyl CoA are furtherprocessed by fatty acid synthase (FAS) in palmitic acid, which isthen transformed by Elvol6 into stearic acid (). SCD1 catalyzes the formation ofpalmitoleoyl-CoA and oleoyl-CoA from palmitoyl-CoA andstearoyl-CoA, respectively (),which are preferentially transformed in triglycerides for storagein adipose tissue or phospholipids for membrane formation ().