Sexual response in women with spinal cord injury, pg.
TABLE G-1 Spinal Cord Injury Clinical Trials, 1998 to 2003
The titles and abstracts were reviewed to determine the clinical conditions and outcomes that were addressed in each article. categorizes the clinical trials by the primary outcome(s) examined and secondarily is organized in chronological order. The majority of clinical trials targeted secondary complications that arise as a result of a spinal cord injury and did not directly test therapies to improve lost function. Articles that addressed multiple conditions (e.g., the effects of bowel and bladder functions on the quality of life) were counted once in each category and are designated with an asterisk.
Spinal Cord Injury Thromboprophylaxis Investigators (2003)*
Accurate estimates of energy expenditure for people with spinal cord injury (SCI) are needed to help monitor programs aimed at meeting the recommendations of public health initiatives for increased physical activity.
Effects of drugs on walking after spinal cord injury.
Hybrid systems can overcome these limitations by combining FES with the use of a lower limb orthotic brace. Orthoses can guide the limb and reduce the number of degrees of freedom in order to simplify the control problem. The use of active muscle can also be reduced by locking orthosis joints (). Moreover, the approach is useful to support body weight, protect the joint and ligament (). Furthermore, it rigidity improves walking efficiency and reduces overall energy cost (). Several hybrid systems have been developed. The most widely tested is named Reciprocating Gait Orthosis (RGO) (; ; ) was designed to meet the needs of the spina bifida patient. This mechanism moves the contralateral limb forward by using surface stimulation of hip extension. Then, by alternating stimulation of the hip extensors, the walking can be achieved with less energy consumption. However, during the leg-swing phase the body requires to be lifted by the arm with the help of crutches, making it difficult to produce foot clearance. Consequently, muscle fatigue will quickly occur ().
Platelet aggregation in traumatic spinal cord injury.
A technique is introduced to help a treatment team share its opinions with patients needing arm-hand reconstruction following spinal cord injury (SCI).