BIOLOGY: Chapter 7 Flashcards | Quizlet
What was the invention that helped scientists discover the cell
Molecular biologists discover and explain by identifying andelucidating mechanisms, such as DNA replication, protein synthesis,and the myriad mechanisms of gene expression. The phrase “theoryof molecular biology” was not used above and for good reason;general knowledge in the field is represented by diagrams ofmechanisms. Discovering the mechanism that produces a phenomenon is animportant accomplishment for several reasons. First, knowledge of amechanism shows how something works: elucidated mechanisms provideunderstanding. Second, knowing how a mechanism works allowspredictions to be made based upon the regularity in mechanisms. Forexample, knowing how the mechanism of DNA base pairing works in onespecies allows one to make predictions about how it works in otherspecies, even if conditions or inputs are changed. Third, knowledge ofmechanisms potentially allows one to intervene to change what themechanism produces, to manipulate its parts to construct experimentaltools, or to repair a broken, diseased mechanism. In short, knowledgeof elucidated mechanisms provides understanding, prediction, andcontrol. Given the general importance of mechanisms and the fact thatmechanisms play such a central role in the field of molecular biology,it is not surprising that philosophers of biology pioneered analyzingthe concept of mechanism (see the entry on mechanisms in science).
3 Scientists helped discover the shape of ..
To understand, what kind of mechanism resolves this typically linguistic problem of removing homonym indefiniteness, it is necessary firstly to postulate a mechanism for the context-wave orientations of ribosomes in order to resolve the problem of a precise selection of amino acid during protein synthesis [Maslow, Gariaev 1994].
Assembly of a protein degradation machine could lead to ..
This, the wave-biocomputer model asserts, only begins to explain the apparatus of protein biosynthesis of living organisms, providing an important interpretation for the initial stages within this new proposed composite hierarchic chain of material and field, sign, holographic, semiotic-semantic and, in the general case, of figurative encoding and deciphering chromosome functions.