Formation of organohalogen disinfectant by-products
Chlorine organohalogen by-products
1.5.2 Characterization of exposure 22.214.171.124 Occurrence of disinfectants and disinfectant by-products Disinfectant doses of several milligrams per litre are typically employed, corresponding to doses necessary to inactivate microorganisms (primary disinfection) or doses necessary to maintain a residual in the distribution system (secondary disinfection).
Chloramine organohalogen by-products
1.2 Kinetics and metabolism in laboratory animals and humans 1.2.1 Disinfectants Residual disinfectants are reactive chemicals that will react with organic compounds found in saliva and stomach content, resulting in the formation of by-products.
Introduction / Quality Control / Organic Synthesis / Scavengers ..
Evidence was presented suggesting that some of the carbon monoxide arose from the oxidative metabolism of bromoform to a dibromocarbonyl and subsequent reactions with GSH.
In organosulfur compound: Reactions …organic synthesis
Bromoform (and organic metabolite) elimination via exhaled breath was greater than that for all other THMs in the rat (67%), but less than that for all other THMs in the mouse (6%).
SCAVENGER strategies in organic synthesis - Part One
Thus, simply on the basis of considerations of target organ dosimetry, the effects of DCA would be predicted to increase sharply at chronic dosing levels that approach or exceed 30 mg/kg of body weight per day rather than being simple linear functions of dose.
in principle, as scavengers as well as for organic synthesis5.
The pattern of distribution and elimination of DBCM was very similar to that observed with BDCM: rats expired more of the dose than mice as a trapped organic component presumed to be the parent compound (48% vs.