Purpose; Hypothesis; Materials; Procedure; Results ..

The Discussion section often begins by making a statement as to whether the findings in the Results support or do not support the expected findings stated in the hypothesis.Ý It's important to make such a comparison because returning to the hypothesis is crucial to basic scientific thinking.Ý The statement of support or non-support then leads to the next logical issue, an explanation of why the hypothesis was or was not supported by the data.Ý The explanation might focus on the scientific reasoning that supported the original hypothesis (based on the scientific concept on which the lab is founded) and on changes to or errors in the experimental procedure and how they could have affected the outcomes.Ý The Discussion also provides the opportunity to compare the results to the research of others.

Hypothesis; Materials; Procedure; Results

2. Hypothesis: (guess) Students should make a guess and write down their conclusions.

Hypothesis; Materials ; Procedure; Results ; Conclusion; Conclusion


To establish the scientific concept for the lab you need to do two things:

1. state what the lab is about, that is, what scientific concept (theory, principle, procedure, etc.) you are supposed to be learning about by doing the lab. You should do this briefly, in a sentence or two. If you are having trouble writing the opening sentence of the report, you can try something like: "This laboratory experiment focuses on X "; "This lab is designed to help students learn about, observe, or investigate, X ." Or begin with a definition of the scientific concept: "X is a theory that ."

Procedure; Hypothesis; Variables; Materials List; ..

Materials and Methods takes the reader step by step through the laboratory procedure that the experimenters followed.Ý The rule of thumb in constructing this section is to provide enough detail so that a competent scientist in the field can repeat, or replicate, the procedure.Ý The challenge, however, is to do so as efficiently as you can.Ý This means, for example, not including details that the same competent scientist already knows, such as descriptions of standard procedures that most everyone in the field would already be familiar with.


Surgical abortion: Management, Complications, and …

Objectives: State the purpose or hypothesis upon which the project is based.

Materials and Procedures: Indicate the materials and procedures used in your project. Briefly describe your experiment or engineering methods.

Results: Summarize the results of your experiment and indicate how they pertain to your purpose or hypothesis.

Conclusions/Discussion: Indicate if your results supported your hypothesis or enabled you to attain your objective. Discuss briefly how information from this project expands our knowledge about the category subject. If you did an engineering or programming project, state whether you met your design criteria.

Surgical Abortion: Management, Complications, and Long‑Term Risks


After stating the judgment about the hypothesis, you should provide specific evidence from the data in the Results to back up the judgment. The first key to improving this part of the Discussion is finding specific evidence reported in the Results that you can use to back up your judgment about your hypothesis. The second key is to describe the evidence in such a way that the reader can clearly see that there is sufficient evidence that supports your judgment about the hypothesis. Be specific. Point out specific evidence from the Results and show how that evidence contributed to your judgment about the hypothesis.

Hypothesis Testing - Kean University

Providing logical reasoning for the hypothesis means explaining the reasoning that you used to make your hypothesis. Usually this reasoning is based on what you know about the scientific concept of the lab and how that knowledge led you to the hypothesis. In science, you reason from what you know to what you don't know. In a couple of sentences (more for complex labs) describe the logic that you used to reason from what you know about the scientific concept to your educated guess of the outcomes of the experimental procedure. If you need to make the logic of your hypothesis clearer, use words that indicate an explanation: because, since, due to the fact that, as a result, therefore, consequently, etc.

Science and Engineering Project Laboratory Notebooks

your controls. Be specific about how you measure results to prove or disprove your hypothesis. Your procedure should be like a recipe whereby another person should easily be able to follow it. Photos depicting the steps are good to have on your display board

Key Elements of the Research Proposal

The Discussion should start with a sentence or two in which you make a judgment as to whether your original hypothesis (from the Introduction) was supported, supported with qualifications, or not supported by the findings. To improve the opening of your Introduction, make sure your judgment is stated clearly, so that the reader can understand it. There are, generally speaking, three possible conclusions you could draw: