Precursor Survey and Population Synthesis

N2 - The observed samples of supernovae (SNe) and double compact objects (DCOs) provide several critical constraints on population synthesis models. The parameters of these models must be carefully chosen to reproduce, among other factors, (1) the formation rates of double neutron star (NS-NS) binaries and white dwarf-neutron star (WD-NS) binaries, estimated from binary samples, and (2) the Type II and Ib/c SN rates. Even allowing for extremely conservative accounting of the uncertainties in observational and theoretical predictions, we find that only a few plausible population synthesis models (roughly 9%) are consistent with DCO and SN rates empirically determined from observations. As a proof of concept, we describe the information that can be extracted about population synthesis models given these observational tests, including surprisingly good agreement with the neutron star kick distributions inferred from pulsar proper-motion measurements. In the present study, we find that the current observational constraints favor kicks described by a single Maxwellian with a characteristic velocity of about 350 km s_1 (i.e., at maximum likelihood; kick velocities between 100 and 700 km s_1 remain within the 90% confidence interval of unimodal distributions), mass-loss fractions during nonconservative but stable mass transfer episodes of about 90%, and common envelope parameters of about 0.15-0.5. Finally, we use the subset of astrophysically consistent models to predict the rates at which black hole-neutron star (BH-NS) and NS-NS binaries merge in the Milky Way and the nearby universe, assuming that Milky Way-like galaxies dominate. Inevitably, the resulting probability distributions for merger rates depend on our assumed priors for the population model input parameters. In this study we adopt relatively conservative priors (flat) for all model parameters covering a rather wide range of values. However, as we gain confidence in our knowledge of these inputs, the range of merger rates consistent with our knowledge should shift and narrow.

Population Synthesis of Radio and Gamma‐ray Pulsars …

T1 - Arecibo pulsar survey using ALFA. III. precursor survey and population synthesis

Population Synthesis of Radio Pulsars ..

The majority of pulsar population synthesis studies performed to date have focused on isolated pulsar evolution. Those that have incorporated pulsar evolution within binary systems have tended to either treat binary evolution poorly or evolve the pulsar population in an ad-hoc manner. Here I am working on producing the first model of the Galactic field pulsar population that includes a comprehensive treatment of both binary and pulsar evolution. Synthetic observational surveys mimicking a variety of radio telescopes are then perfomed on this population. As such, a complete and direct comparison of model data with observations of the pulsar population within the Galactic disk will soon be possible. The tool used for completing this work is a code (work in progress) comprised of three components: stellar/binary evolution, Galactic kinematics and survey selection effects.

Population synthesis of pulsars: Magnetic field effects

AB - The observed samples of supernovae (SNe) and double compact objects (DCOs) provide several critical constraints on population synthesis models. The parameters of these models must be carefully chosen to reproduce, among other factors, (1) the formation rates of double neutron star (NS-NS) binaries and white dwarf-neutron star (WD-NS) binaries, estimated from binary samples, and (2) the Type II and Ib/c SN rates. Even allowing for extremely conservative accounting of the uncertainties in observational and theoretical predictions, we find that only a few plausible population synthesis models (roughly 9%) are consistent with DCO and SN rates empirically determined from observations. As a proof of concept, we describe the information that can be extracted about population synthesis models given these observational tests, including surprisingly good agreement with the neutron star kick distributions inferred from pulsar proper-motion measurements. In the present study, we find that the current observational constraints favor kicks described by a single Maxwellian with a characteristic velocity of about 350 km s_1 (i.e., at maximum likelihood; kick velocities between 100 and 700 km s_1 remain within the 90% confidence interval of unimodal distributions), mass-loss fractions during nonconservative but stable mass transfer episodes of about 90%, and common envelope parameters of about 0.15-0.5. Finally, we use the subset of astrophysically consistent models to predict the rates at which black hole-neutron star (BH-NS) and NS-NS binaries merge in the Milky Way and the nearby universe, assuming that Milky Way-like galaxies dominate. Inevitably, the resulting probability distributions for merger rates depend on our assumed priors for the population model input parameters. In this study we adopt relatively conservative priors (flat) for all model parameters covering a rather wide range of values. However, as we gain confidence in our knowledge of these inputs, the range of merger rates consistent with our knowledge should shift and narrow.

Our population synthesis code predicts the source properties of present-day MSPs.
Our population synthesis code predicts the source properties of present-day millisecond pulsars.

Population Synthesis of Radio and Gamma-ray Pulsars …

The observed samples of supernovae (SNe) and double compact objects (DCOs) provide several critical constraints on population synthesis models. The parameters of these models must be carefully chosen to reproduce, among other factors, (1) the formation rates of double neutron star (NS-NS) binaries and white dwarf-neutron star (WD-NS) binaries, estimated from binary samples, and (2) the Type II and Ib/c SN rates. Even allowing for extremely conservative accounting of the uncertainties in observational and theoretical predictions, we find that only a few plausible population synthesis models (roughly 9%) are consistent with DCO and SN rates empirically determined from observations. As a proof of concept, we describe the information that can be extracted about population synthesis models given these observational tests, including surprisingly good agreement with the neutron star kick distributions inferred from pulsar proper-motion measurements. In the present study, we find that the current observational constraints favor kicks described by a single Maxwellian with a characteristic velocity of about 350 km s_1 (i.e., at maximum likelihood; kick velocities between 100 and 700 km s_1 remain within the 90% confidence interval of unimodal distributions), mass-loss fractions during nonconservative but stable mass transfer episodes of about 90%, and common envelope parameters of about 0.15-0.5. Finally, we use the subset of astrophysically consistent models to predict the rates at which black hole-neutron star (BH-NS) and NS-NS binaries merge in the Milky Way and the nearby universe, assuming that Milky Way-like galaxies dominate. Inevitably, the resulting probability distributions for merger rates depend on our assumed priors for the population model input parameters. In this study we adopt relatively conservative priors (flat) for all model parameters covering a rather wide range of values. However, as we gain confidence in our knowledge of these inputs, the range of merger rates consistent with our knowledge should shift and narrow.

New results based on methods of population synthesis, concerningmagnetic field effects on the evolution of pulsars, are reported.

"Population Synthesis of Radio and Gamma-ray Pulsars …

Known millisecond pulsars have periods longer than 1.558 ms. Recycled in binary systems, neutron stars can attain very short spin periods. In this paper we investigate the expected properties of the millisecond pulsar distribution by simulating synthetic populations under different assumptions for the neutron star equation of state and decay of the magnetic field. We find evidence that a tail in the distribution of millisecond pulsars may exist at periods shorter than those observed. Subject headings: Stars: neutron – pulsars: general, rotation – magnetic field. Accretion. – 3 – 1.

()We present results of our pulsar population synthesis of normal pulsarsfrom the Galactic disk using our previously developed computer code.

Applications of Radio Pulsar Population Synthesis