Protein Synthesis - Wisc-Online OER
Gene Expression DNA Transcription Protein Synthesis - …
1. Original Source: Larry Flammer, idea developed in 1963 and used in Biology classes ever since, as the finale to a series of Do-It-Yourself DNA Kits (1. DNA Structure & Sub Structure, 2. DNA Replication, and 3. Protein Synthesis, all involving manipulation of cutouts, and resulting in the spelling out of a little 3-letter word (meaningful amino acid sequence).
Protein Synthesis Animation Video - YouTube
Protein functions are so diverse because of the many unique three-dimensional structures protein polymers form. Despite such variety, proteins also share several specific structural characteristics in their monomers, the . Structural similarities among amino acids make protein synthesis a uniform and regulated process; however, each amino acid contains a unique structural component as well. Specific differences between each amino acid interact to create unique three-dimensional protein structures. Combined, the similarities and differences between amino acids explain how cells can build a diverse pool of proteins from the same set of building blocks.
Science virtual labs - Glencoe/McGraw-Hill
Knowing the importance of protein structure in determining function, how then is protein structure determined? To answer this, we must first ask how only twenty amino acids can create the diversity of proteins we see in living organisms. This diversity is easily explained by the way polypeptides form a sequence. Imagine creating a dipeptide using the twenty common amino acids. Twenty options exist for the first position, and twenty options exist for the second position of this two amino acid peptide. Math calculations tell us that we could synthesize four hundred different dipeptides! For every additional amino acid in a peptide, we multiply this number of options by twenty again. With more than one hundred amino acids in the average sequence, imagine how many different polypeptides may exist in nature!
Protein Synthesis Download a Copy | See more in Life Science
This Concept Map, created with IHMC CmapTools, has information related to: PROTEIN SYNTHESIS CONCEPT MAP, base-pair substitutions result no effect, RNA polymerase properties begins at promoter, transcription begins "upstream" promoter, tRNA consists of anticodon, stops at stop codon; H2O added at P-site protein is released all parts detach from each other, RNA transcript processing 5' G-P-P-P cap, tRNA consists of codon-specified amino acid, promoter consists of TATA box, insertions and deletions frameshift mutations extensive missense, poly-A tail (3') pre-mRNA intron splicing, ribosome binds to mRNA + tRNA; tRNA on P-site ribosome moves along mRNA creating a polypeptide chain stops at stop codon; H2O added at P-site, protein synthesis two main stages: transcription, 5' G-P-P-P cap pre-mRNA intron splicing, promoter consists of start point, translation uses tRNA, ribosomes consists of Exit site, ribosomes tRNA binds to mRNA start codon ribosome binds to mRNA + tRNA; tRNA on P-site, RNA polymerase creates RNA transcript, protein synthesis problems manifested as point mutations, base-pair substitutions result missense (wrong amino acid)