The ‘proof’ is in the equation!

The role of free radicals in fibromyalgia is controversial. In this study, 85 female patients with primary fibromyalgia and 80 age-, height-, and weight-matched healthy women were evaluated for oxidant/antioxidant balance. Malondialdehyde is a toxic metabolite of lipid peroxidation used as a marker of free radical damage. Superoxide dismutase is an intracellular antioxidant enzyme and shows antioxidant capacity. Pain was assessed by visual analog scale. Tender points were assessed by palpation. Age, smoking, body mass index (BMI), and duration of disease were also recorded. Malondialdehyde levels were significantly higher and superoxide dismutase levels significantly lower in fibromyalgic patients than controls. Age, BMI, smoking, and duration of disease did not affect these parameters. We found no correlation between pain and number of tender points. In conclusion, oxidant/antioxidant balances were changed in fibromyalgia. Increased free radical levels may be responsible for the development of fibromyalgia. These findings may support the hypothesis of fibromyalgia as an oxidative disorder. Schmerz. 2003 Dec;17(6):399-404.

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Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a more common a condition than previously estimated. The most recent estimates are that 3 to 6 million patients have been diagnosed with FMS. The ACR criteria, established in 1990, provide the primary care provider with definitive subjective and objective findings that have shown to be 88% accurate in their ability to diagnose patients with the syndrome. There is no cure for FMS. It is a chronic condition, but patients quality of life can be improved when fatigue and pain are reduced.

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CONCLUSIONS: The results show that fibromyalgia, and aberrant pain perception and depressive symptoms in fibromyalgia are related to lower serum PEP activity. It is hypothesized that lower serum PEP activity may play a role in the biophysiology of fibromyalgia through diminished inactivation of algesic and depression-related peptides.

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Autogenic hypothesis of the origin of the eukaryotic cell / Term paper Academic Service

What is the evidence that supports the autogenic hypothesis?

0.70 for the standard gamble. Although the reproducibility is not high, the group mean scores are fairly stable over time. Mean standard gamble scores tend to differ depending on the way the measurements are undertaken. Utilities elicited with chained gambles were significantly higher than utilities elicited with basic reference gambles. At the individual level some inconsistent responses occurred. However, more than 70% of these fell within the bounds of the measurement error, which ranged from 0.11 to 0.13 on the standard gamble (0-1 scale) and from 8 to 10 on the rating scale (0-100 scale). The large number of negative utilities for the severe hypothetical state, which was used as an anchor point in the chained gambles, and the magnitude of these negative utilities (down to -19) calls for intensified research efforts to handle these responses in utility calculations.

The Post Glacial Flooding Hypothesis: Irrefutable proof of my hypothesis

Autogenic - Biology-Online Dictionary

The study attempted to determine whether learning the serve in conjunction with a routine (as schema theory suggests) was more beneficial than acquiring the serve first and the routine later in learning (as the set hypothesis suggests).

31/01/2008 · somebody please help me to find answer to this question. What is the evidence that supports the autogenic hypothesis?

Can evidence prove a hypothesis? | Yahoo Answers

distress; n = 14), depressives without CI (n = 10), and normals (n = 11). Groups did not differ in 4 p.m. resting levels of serum neopterin. However, the CI alone had strong positive correlations between neopterin and all of the scales measuring somatization. These preliminary findings suggest the need for additional research on biological correlates of 'unexplained' multiple somatic symptoms in subtypes of apparent somatizing disorders.