Racial Threat Hypothesis - Criminology - Oxford …

15,000 protest events
US: 1960-1990
Catalog of complete NYT Index
full articles read & human coded


number of protestors (log)
property damage
confrontational tactics
extremely confrontational tactics
target government
tactical variety
demonstrator violence
New York dummy
South dummy

binary logistic (presence)
multinomial logistic (type) next steps What other aspects of identity matter?
youth bulge (w/ Ragnhild nordas)
gender (by sarah soule)

perceptions of state-dissident interactions (considering race, responsibility)
US (w/ Rose mcdermott)
Northern Ireland (w/ Troubles consortium)

robustness of protest policing dynamics across contexts
Egypt, Tunisia, LIbya, Bahrain and Yemen what happened to black protest?
strange fruit incorporated:
African American Persecution from 1776-Yesterday

extensions controlling for standard factors, african american protests are more likely to be policed and policed harshly but only for specific periods in us history

Findings are consistent with what we know about bias in the criminal justice system.
However, in some ways, a better test because we can control for “subject demeanor.”

Academically interesting, but also important for protesters who are at risk of policing.

More important, results have implications for the proper functioning of a democratic system.
Differences in the ability to express rights compromises the functioning of democracy.

conclusions Convention: all that matters is challenger behavior

intervention: challenger identity matters as well
missing challengers WHy african american identity might matter in the us

Ethnic Competition Theories (e.g., Olzak 1992)
Competition between ethnic groups for resources (including political power) results in the more powerful group eliminating the less powerful group via diverse means (e.g., lynching, arson, hate crimes).

Group or racial threat theories (e.g., Blalock 1967; Liska et al.

of key studies testing the racial threat hypothesis

“Black Concentration and Lynchings in the South: Testing Blalock’s Power-Threat Hypothesis ..
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Revisiting Hubert Blalock's power threat theory ..

An edited volume that contains several insightful chapters testing the effects of racial threat on various measures of social control. A must-read for those interested in theoretical applications of the racial threat hypothesis.

Minority threat hypothesis definition

A book that modifies and extends Blalock’s racial threat hypothesis to explain ethnic conflict. Horowitz argues that membership in an ethnic group satisfies an inherent psychological need to belong, and ethnic conflict may occur when this need is threatened by another group or by someone within the group.

EVOLUTIONARY EXPLANATION OF LYNCH MOBS • ‘The Power-Threat Hypothesis • Blalock ..
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Power threat is by Blalock and Dehumanization is …

Corzine, Jay, James Creech, and Lin Corzine. 1983. "Black Concentration and Lynchings in the South: Testing Blalock's Power-Threat Hy- pothesis." Social Forces 67:774-96.

another look at the power-threat hypothesis Social Forces

The power-threat hypothesis, costly signalling theory, and xenophobia have all been suggested as causes, however many other theories may also contribute.

social threat theory Flashcards | Quizlet

The racial threat hypothesis originated in , which argued as the relative size of racial and ethnic minority group increases, members of the majority group perceive a growing threat. contends that this perceived threat can take on two different forms. The first is economic threat. That is, as increased numbers of blacks compete for jobs, housing, and other economic resources, whites increasingly feel their economic well-being and dominance are threatened. The second is political threat which occurs as blacks enhance their political power, causing whites to feel their political hegemony is threatened. Researchers have since extended Blalock’s original propositions to include criminal threat—that is, a larger black population fosters fear of crime. In response to any form of minority threat, it is hypothesized that whites will demand intensified social control to maintain dominant standing. In addition, Blalock maintained that the relationship between racial threat and social control would be nonlinear, and the nature of the nonlinear relationship is different in contexts of political versus economic threat. In particular, under conditions of economic threat, efforts geared toward maintaining economic dominance will increase with a rate. Under conditions of political threat, however, controls aimed at maintaining political power will increase with an rate. Finally, Blalock contended that racial segregation may operate as an effective way to reduce racial threat and a particular form of control imposed on minorities. The logic of Blalock’s racial threat arguments has been extended by other scholars. For example, suggests in contexts where the black population outnumbers or reaches equivalence with the white population, use of social control against blacks should be more difficult because blacks are able to mobilize resources and political power. provides an important theoretical integration of key studies testing the racial threat hypothesis.