Significant Energy Events in Earth's and Life's History as of 2014

Oxygenic photosynthesis uses two systems for capturing photons. The first one (called ) uses . The second one (called because it was discovered before Photosystem II) uses captured photon energy to add an electron to captured carbon dioxide to help transform it into a sugar. That “” is accomplished by the , and an enzyme called Rubisco, , catalyzes that fixation. Below is a diagram of the Calvin cycle. (Source: Wikimedia Commons)

Allows for direct energy capture of complex life, and led to plants.

  Carbon Cycle Atmospheric CO2 Cellular Respiration Photosynthesis

Plant Energy Transformations-Photosynthesis

The rise of the human species was dependent on exploiting new energy sources by using intelligence and manipulative ability. The new paradigm can be catalyzed by FE (there is nothing else more likely to do it, or so close to becoming a daily reality), and then intelligence and manipulative ability in the service of a healed heart can create a future that is presently difficult to imagine. Pondering FE's possibilities since 1986 has led me to many realizations, and this section is devoted to exploring of the possibilities that could come to pass in my lifetime, if FE became publicly available.

9'2 Photosynthesis: Trapping the Suns Energy - …

When I first dreamed of changing the energy industry , I imagined that not everybody would welcome a change in humanity’s energy paradigm. I clearly recall thinking that the resistance would come from foreign interests in tropical locales. I was probably influenced by the propaganda surrounding the . Little did I suspect that the interests most hostile to changing humanity’s energy paradigm lived in the West. After my life was wrecked, I staggered from my home town, knowing that whatever I had been taught about how the world really worked was likely false, and . My first alternative influences on that subject were the work of , , , , and others like them. After years of studying their work in my radicalized state, I came to realize that the West’s interaction with the developing world had little benevolent intent behind it, and the . If I had not already been radicalized, I wonder how receptive I would have been to their message. Those men were all among my most gracious correspondents, and I learned more from their collective efforts than I did from any other body of work.

how do I draw diagrams of apparatus to follow the speed of photosynthesis?
Below is a diagram of the photosynthetic process in grass. (Source: Wikimedia Commons)

students are given a diagram of photosynthesis and words that ..

Because of the stupendous energy demands of flight, birds not only have the superior air sac system for breathing, but their , the cell’s energy-generation centers, are far more efficient than mammalian mitochondria. Parrots in captivity can , scientists have noted an , and scientists may discover that wild albatrosses live to be 100 or more, when their tagging programs get that old. The may explain bird longevity, as the efficient mitochondria of birds . The theory is controversial and will be for many years, but I think that an engine analogy can help. A bird is a piece of high-performance biological technology, and when operating at peak output it puts all land-bound animals to shame. But a bird’s metabolism is usually in its slack state, only maximized during flight. Simply put, a bird has a great energy capacity that is rarely used to its fullest. It is like a high-performance engine that rarely runs near its . Such engines will last far longer than those regularly running near redline. High-performance technology that usually “loafs” in its slack state and is rarely taxed is expensive and long-lasting. The increased investment in superior technology allows for high performance and long life. High-quality technology is more economical in the long run, if the initial investment can be afforded.

AND its not just life on land, all aquatic life eg fish, also depend, initially, on photosynthesis in eg plankton or algae.

Plant Energy Transformations-Photosynthesis - …

Today, New York faces the challenges of a changing climate that could have far greater impacts than the 1930s drought. Forests, including urban forests, provide front-line defenses against the many impacts of global warming. Urban trees help shade and cool cities where heat builds up, saving energy that would otherwise be used for air-conditioning. Forests act as sponges during storms; they absorb rainfall and reduce flooding. Trees work as filters to clean the air we breathe; they catch and remove airborne particulate matter which causes respiratory irritation and illness. Trees use carbon dioxide (a greenhouse gas) and give off oxygen, an element essential for animal life. And, in an increasingly technological society, forests can help us reconnect to the natural world. Even a short walk in a forest can be restorative. In the shade of a forest, surrounded by trees and green foliage, we can feel the calming and renewing effect of the natural environment around us.

A food chain is a means of transferring the energy from photosynthesis to support many forms of life, including us!

The process of photosynthesis: carbon fixation and reduction

The acidity was found to arise from the opening of their stomata at night to take in CO2 and fix it into malic acid for storage in the large vacuoles of their photosynthetic cells. It could drop the pH to 4 with a malic acid concentration up to 0.3M . Then in the heat of the day, the stomata close tightly to conserve water and the malic acid is decarboxylated to release the CO2 for fixing by the Calvin cycle. PEP is used for the initial short-term carbon fixation as in the , but the entire chain of reactions occurs in the same cell rather than handing off to a separate cell as with the C4 plants. In the CAM strategy, the processes are separated temporally, the initial CO2 fixation at night, and the malic acid to Calvin cycle part taking place during the day.