When most people think of parenting, they picture changing diapers
Parents ARE part of the educational process.
The framework also has implications for research into the emergence of institutions and the interplay between institutions and individual behavior. Rather than viewing institutions (such as despotic systems of political control) as exogenous social determinants of individual behavior, the framework treats them as the emergent outcomes of interactions between individuals. In modern contexts, this suggests that increased research attention should be directed toward understanding the reciprocal influences of public and private investments and policies. For example, to what extent were increased public investments in health and education in the 20th century due to increased individual interest in such investments? Similarly, to what extent do government policies with regard to family planning reflect the individual behavior and interests of policy makers? How representative are policy makers of individuals in the general population? Since those institutional developments affect the costs and benefits of individual actions, there is clearly a route for reciprocal influence. We need better understanding of those reciprocal influences and of the relationship between micro- and macrolevel outcomes.
2009) There are two types of investment as stated by Virlics, A.
ing. Such policies fail to consider the relationships between men’s economic opportunities, mating systems, and the investment that children receive. We need a better understanding of men’s and women’s criteria for choice of mates and how those criteria vary with socioeconomic conditions and how the dynamics of mating systems affect exchanges between men and women and between men and their genetic children and stepchildren. To what extent are men’s motivations and behavior regarding investments in children determined by their relationships with the child’s mother versus parental concerns, and how does that mix vary with socioeconomic conditions (see Anderson et al., 1999a, 1999b, for a discussion)?