The term "Sapir–Whorf hypothesis" is ..
Ask A Linguist FAQ: The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis
The abandonment of the so-called Sapir-Whorf hypothesis, that the structure of a language determined our conceptualization of the world, led to a period in which folk categories and taxonomies and their organization became a distinct specialism.
Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis | Cognitive Linguistics | …
The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis states that language, particularly names, powerfully shape human reality and worldviews. Under this hypothesis, the terminology that we use to refer to particular groups influences our perception of those groups. Insensitive or exclusive language can contribute to negative perceptions of group members, which erodes our ability to perceive their dignity and worth. There is some evidence to support this hypothesis; for instance, one study showed that when children were read a story that used the pronoun "he" to mean both he and she, the children were more likely to rate men as more competent at the job discussed in the story.
we were introduced to Sapir-Whorf hypothesis of ..
These kinds of findings are now plentiful, but the Sapir-WhorfHypothesis has not gone unchallenged (for a review, see Bloom and Keil2001). For example, Li and Gleitman (2002) showed that Tzetalspeakers can reproduce object arrays using relative reference framesin a simplified version of the experiments performed by Pederson etal. (1998) (see Levinson et al. 2002 for a reply). Frank et al.(2008) found that Pirahã could match large quantities withaccuracy, but failed to do so when they relied on memory. Suchexperimental critiques suggest that Sapir-Whorf effects are fragile,and may be hard to show under certain conditions, but they alsoconfirm that language plays a role in encoding information, andcognitive differences arise when memory is involved. Studies on colorperception and color comparison suggest that the effects are notlimited to memory, and Boroditsky's study of gendered pronouns suggestthat language can have an enduring impact on how we think aboutfamiliar categories.