Stellar Nucleosynthesis powerpoint

The first direct proof that nucleosynthesis occurs in stars wasthe detection of in the atmosphere of a in the early1950s,prototypical for the class of . Because technetium isradioactive, with halflife much less than the age of the star, itsabundance must reflect its creation within that star during itslifetime. Less dramatic, but equally convincing evidence is oflarge overabundances of specific stable elements in a stellaratmosphere. An historically important case was observation ofbarium abundances some 20-50 times greater than in unevolved stars,which is evidence of the operation of the within that star. Many modernproofs appear in the isotopic composition of , solid grains that condensed fromthe gases of individual stars and which have been extracted frommeteorites. Stardust is one component of . The measured isotopiccompositions demonstrate many aspects of nucleosynthesis within thestars from which the stardust grains condensed

107: Nucleosynthesis: Elements from Stars.


Stellar nucleosynthesis - Wikipedia

Fred Hoyle, the atheist British astronomer who formulated the theory of stellar nucleosynthesis and originally coined the term, "Big Bang" on March 28, 1949 had this to say at the end of his career three decades later (Note: There are about 2,000 enzymes in the simplest cell, a bacterium, and 'only' about atoms in the entire universe.):

stellar nucleosynthesis - ThoughtCo

In modern theory, there are a number of processes which are believed to be responsible for nucleosynthesisin the universe. The majority of these occur within the hot matterinside stars. The successive processes which occurinside stars are known as hydrogen burning (via the or the ), , , , and . Theseprocesses are able to create elements up to iron and nickel, theregion of the isotopes having the highest per nucleon. Heavierelements can be assembled within stars by a neutron capture processknown as the or in explosive environments, such as , by a number of processes. Some ofthe more important of these include the , which involves rapid neutroncaptures, the , which involves rapid proton captures, and the (sometimes knownas the gamma process), which involves of existingnuclei.

References:• "Big Bang Nucleosynthesis and the Baryon Density of the Universe",Craig J.

Stellar Nucleosynthesis - Wolfram Demonstrations Project

Nucleosynthesis is the process of creating newatomic nuclei from pre-existing (protons and neutrons). It is thoughtthat the primordial nucleons themselves were formed from the from the as it cooled belowtwo trillion degrees. A few minutes afterward, starting with only and , nuclei up to and (both with mass number 7) wereformed, but only in relatively small amounts. Then the fusionprocess essentially shut down due to drops in temperature anddensity as the universe continued to expand. This first process of may also be called nucleogenesis.

Principles of Stellar Evolution and Nucleosynthesis, …

The first ideas on nucleosynthesis were simply that the were created at thebeginnings of the universe, but no successful physical scenario forthis could be identified. Hydrogen and helium were clearly far moreabundant than any of the other elements (all the rest of whichconstituted less than 2% of the mass of the solar system, andpresumably other star systems as well). At the same time it wasclear that carbon was the next most common element, and also thatthere was a general trend toward abundance of light elements,especially those composed of whole numbers of helium-4 nuclei.

Nucleosynthesis - Wikipedia

Stellar Nucleosynthesis - Astronomy Notes

The process is called nucleosynthesis.Nucleosynthesis requires a high-speed collision, which can only be achieved with very high temperature.

The first is that a white dwarf star undergoes a nuclear-based explosion after.This is known as the time of nucleosynthesis.

Nucleosynthesis: The Formation of Elements in the …

occurred within the first three minutes of the beginning of theuniverse and is responsible for much of the abundance ratios of1H (), 2H (), 3He(), and4He (),in the universe .Although 4He continues to be produced by othermechanisms (such as stellar fusion and alpha decay) and traceamounts of 1H continue to be produced by and certaintypes of radioactive decay ( and ), most of the mass of these isotopes in the universe,and all but the insignificant traces of the 3He anddeuterium in the universe produced by rare processes such as , arethought to have been produced in the . The nuclei of these elements, alongwith some 7Li, and 7Be are believed to havebeen formed when the universe was between 100 and 300 seconds old,after the primordial - plasma froze out to form and . Because of the very short period inwhich Big Bang nucleosynthesis occurred before being stopped byexpansion and cooling, no elements heavier than could be formed. (Elements formedduring this time were in the plasma state, and did not cool to thestate of neutral atoms until much later).

The data are .Nucleosynthesis.

Stellar Nucleosynthesis - ThoughtCo

According to the Big Bang theory, the early universe was hot enough to allow the nucleosynthesis of hydrogen, helium, and small amounts of lithium and beryllium.