Murstein 1972 Matching Hypothesis
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Talk:Matching hypothesis - Wikipedia
Walster and Walster (1969) ran a follow up to the ComputerDance, but instead allowed participants to meet beforehand in orderto give them greater chance to interact and think about their idealqualities in a partner. The study had greater ecological validitythan the original study, and the finding was that partners thatwere similar in terms of physical attractiveness expressed the mostliking for each other – a finding that supports the matchinghypothesis.
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Murstein (1972) also found evidence that supported the matchinghypothesis: photos of dating and engaged couples were rated interms of attractiveness. A definite tendency was found for couplesof similar attractiveness to date or engage.
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Forming Relationships and the Matching Hypothesis - …
Huston (1976) argued that the evidence for the matchinghypothesis didn’t come from matching but instead on the tendency ofpeople to avoid rejection hence choose someone similarly attractiveto themselves, to avoid being rejected by someone more attractivethan themselves. Huston attempted to prove this by showingparticipants photos of people who had already indicated that theywould accept the participant as a partner. The participant usuallychose the person rated as most attractive; however, the study hasvery flawed ecological validity as the relationship was certain,and in real life people wouldn’t be certain hence are still morelikely to choose someone of equal attractiveness to avoid possiblerejection.
Forming Relationships and the Matching Hypothesis ..
Brown (1986) argued for the matching hypothesis, but maintainedthat it results from a learned sense of what is ‘fitting’ – weadjust our expectation of a partner in line with what we believe wehave to offer others, instead of a fear of rejection.