If the leaf has a stalk, then the plant is a dicot.

Syringa leaf x.s. (dicot). Identify the upper and lower epidermis, the palisade mesophyll, and the spongy mesophyll. Pairs of small cells in the lower epidermis that have a space between them control the stomata, the openings between air outside the leaf and air in the spaces in the spongy mesophyll. The central rib of a leaf is its main vascular bundle, and it gives rise to many side branches. Identify xylem and phloem, the tissues that transport water and dissolved nutrients respectively throughout the plant. Xylem cells in cross section are large with thick walls that are probably stained pink. Phloem consists of tiny, thin-walled cells below the xylem; it is probably stained green. Which is towards the top of the leaf, and which is toward the bottom? Why? These vascular cells are surrounded by supporting tissue, some of which is hardened as sclerenchyma to give rigidity.

There are many differences between monocot and dicot plants.

The article below will educate you on dicot plants and some examples of dicots.

MONOCOTSDICOTSThe sequence for dicots is somewhat different.

One fact that has to be considered while studying monocots and dicots is that not all of them have characteristics which clearly separate them from each other.

Monocot vs Dicot - Difference and Comparison | Diffen

In this manner, the anatomy, functions, and growth of different types of monocots and dicots can be understood in a better way.

The information helps us understand various aspects of flowering plants on the basis of dicotyledon vs.

To put it simply, monocots have a single embryonic leaf, while the dicots have two of these.

Anatomy of Dicot and Monocot Leaves | Botany | Biology

Let us understand more about these plants by means of the differences presented below.


The basic difference between monocots and dicots, as their names suggest, is the presence of a single and double cotyledons respectively.

If the leaves have parallel veins that are long and thin, then the plant is monocot.

Monocots, dicots, leaves and photosynthesis pages 43 …

. 1, 2, 3, yr. stem c.s. (dicot). Successive year’s growth of vascular tissue adds layers of xylem to the stems of woody plants. These are referred to as growth rings with the outermost ring being the youngest. The outermost layer of the stem is the cortex or bark; the bark is produced by a meristem called the cork cambium. Just deep to it is the phloem in which you can see triangular wedges called rays. The inner part consists of successive layers of lignified xylem. In between the xylem and the phloem is the vascular cambium. The vascular cambium is meristematic, producing new xylem cells to the inside and phloem cells to the outside; the action of the vascular cambium accounts for most of the growth in girth of woody plants.

A seed of a monocot plant has one cotyledon and that of a dicot plant has two cotyledons.

How does the difference between monocots and dicots …

Stem. Monocot and dicot. Dicot stems have vascular bundles around the periphery and not in the center, as the root does. The vascular bundle of the root must divide and spread out into the many bundles of the stem. Broad, thick-walled xylem cells are toward the inside of the stem, and phloem is toward the outside; the outermost part is a bundle cap of sclerenchyma cells which give support. The center of the stem is called pith. The monocot stem has xylem and phloem in bundles that look like monkey faces. There are two large xylem cells making the eyes; an air space makes the nose; thin-walled phloem makes the forehead, and above it is thick walled sclerenchyma. These are scattered throughout the stem cross section. Cells other than these kinds are parenchyma. Both stem examples are of herbaceous stems, which lack woody tissue and growth rings. Observe the orientation of the xylem and phloem in each bundle in the monocot stem; is there a pattern?

Dicot flowers on the other hand, are likely to have parts in multiples of four or five.

Difference between Monocot and Dicot Stem

In our flower section we have a showing differences between monocot and dicot flowers, plus we have indicating that nowadays all flowering plants aren't necessarily considered either monocots or dicots.Still, for our backyard purposes, thinking in terms of monocots and dicots can be very useful.