Journal of Microbiology Research

Basic principles of economics including consumer and producer behavior, market structure, introduction to strategic behavior, decisions under risk and uncertainty, simple models of macroeconomics (especially the IS-LM framework), discussions of frontier topics in both micro and macroeconomics, and an introduction to basic regression analysis.

This species readily develops resistance to antimicrobial agents.

Final novel compounds were screened for antimicrobial activity and tested for biodegradation.

The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of H.

Chemical and biochemical nomenclature: The rules and recommendations of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) will be used for abbreviations of chemical names, and the nomenclature of chemical compounds, enzymes, isotopic compounds, and optically active isomers. Information can be obtained at the Web page > . Use the EC number when one has been assigned.

The minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of H.

BM 502 Human Physiology (3+0+2) 4 ECTS 9
(İnsan Fizyolojisi)
Review of Cell Physiology. Physiology of Organ Systems: Nerve and Muscle; Physical Work; Autonomic Nervous System; Blood; Respiration; Acid-Base Homeostasis; Kidneys, Salt and Water Balance, Cardiovascular System, Thermal Balance and Thermoregulation, Nutrition and Digestion, Hormones, Central Nervous System, Special Senses. Electrocardiography, Blood Pressure, Heart Sounds.

Antimicrobial studies were performed using the minimum inhibitory concentration assay.


Introduction: Historical development of the field, interdisciplinary perspectives linking psychology, economics and neuroscience, Overview of the field with real life examples.

(1952) Studies in biochemical adaptation.

Another reason to include Pic-Clor 60 in this study was to compare its efficacy with that of Pic 99. The additional 1,3-D in the Pic-Clor 60 mixture did not improve efficacy compared with Pic 99. Both fumigants had similar MIC80 values, indicating effective mortality of F. oxysporum, P. ultimum, R. solani and T. semipenetrans (). Neither chloropicrin formulation controlled V. dahliae, and the MIC values for Pic 99 and Pic-Clor 60 (1,414.6 and 1,349.3 µmol kg, respectively) were calculated assuming a linear relationship of increasing concentration and mortality ().

Growth inhibition of microbes was noted for some compounds within tested concentration range.

Lungs of mice that died during exposure were diffusely haemorrhagic.

BM 515 Laser-Tissue Interaction Mechanisms (3+0+0) 3 ECTS 7
(Laser-Doku Etkileşim Mekanizmaları)
Physical principles of therapeutic uses of lasers in medicine. Optical properties of biological tissues and measurement techniques; photochemical, thermal, photoablative interaction mechanisms and their applications in photodynamic therapy; biostimulation, coagulation, vaporization, ablation, photodistruption, plasma formation, and shock wave generation; clinical applications of lasers.

Current dosing strategies are based, in part, on minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs).

(1978) to elicit 50% depression of respiratory rates in mice.

In the second section, confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) results demonstrated that both biofilm bacterial cell numbers and extracellular polysaccharide (EPS) synthesis were increased by nicotine.

Determination of the mutant-selection window (MSW) is possible using MIC and MPC data.

The panel tested only one chemical per day.

Incomplete mortality of V. dahliae (60% to 80%) was observed with all tested fumigants at full concentration except for MI:Pic (50:50), which achieved 80% mortality with half the full concentration (). The multivariate analysis (ANOVA) for the effects of fumigants and the interactions between fumigants and rates on V. dahliae mortality were not significant (P ). The resistance of V. dahliae may occur because its resting form in soil (microsclerotia) is difficult for fumigants to penetrate (). Note that this study evaluated a fumigant dose-response over a 24-hour period. Earlier studies ( and ) found that fumigants in a closed system reach equilibrium within minutes after application, and a 24-hour incubation period is sufficient to assess pathogen mortality following soil fumigant application. However, increasing exposure time of the pathogen to fumigants in combination with other disinfestation methods and other fumigants may increase efficacy against this pathogen. For example, using TIF or VIF, the effective dose can be higher due to longer exposure times ().