Light and photosynthetic pigments.

Light propagation in linear media, classical models of atomic polarizability, electromagnetic theory of nonlinear interactions; Nonlinear optical susceptibility, classical models of nonlinear polarization, Kramers-Kronig relations in linear and nonlinear optics, second order nonlinear optical processes; Coupled-wave equations for general three-wave mixing, energy and momentum conservation, phase matching; Second harmonic generation, optical rectification, second order susceptibility measurement techniques, parametric mixing and oscillation: Ultrashort pulse measurement, Gaussian beams, modes: ABCD matrices, optical resonators, optical parametric oscillators; Third order nonlinear processes, optical Kerr effect, four-wave mixing, phase conjugation with degenerate and non-degenerate mixing, Raman effect, spontaneous and stimulated scattering, self-focusing, optical bi-stability, third order susceptibility measurement techniques; Nonlinear optics under pulsed excitation, nonlinear Schrodinger equation, Self- and cross-phase modulation, frequency continuum generation, temporal and spatial solitons, pulse compression, nonlinear pulse propagation in fibers; Time-resolved measurements of material properties.

PHOTOSYNTHESIS Light and Dark Reaction song song.

The light reaction takes place The dark reaction occurs The light and dark reactions.

The dark reaction occurs in the stroma of the chloroplast.

Coordination Chemistry: Werner’s work, EAN Rule, V. B. Theory, Crystal field theory, Ligand Field Theory, Jahn–Teller distortion, Square planar and Tetrahedral complexes, Chelates, Nomenclature and Isomerism of coordination compounds.
Structure and bonding in rare gas compounds; HSAB theory; Chemical and biological buffers.
Bioinorganic chemistry: Occurrence and availability & biological functions of inorganic elements in organisms, Uptake, transport and storage of Oxygen, Hemoglobin and Myoglobin, Photodynamic therapy.
Organic Chemistry and Stereochemistry: Resonance and Inductive effects; Aromaticity and Huckel’s rule; Optical activity, Polarimeter, Chirality, Enantiomerism, Configuration, R-S Nomenclature, Reactions of stereoisomers, Resolution, Conformations of Alkanes and cycloalkanes, Introduction to UV-visible and IR spectroscopy and their applications.

Dark reaction - Photosynthesis - Simplified Biology

Importance of Process Safety Management (PSM) through major disasters in chemical process plants, Safety regulations related to process safety and related Indian standards, Identifying hazards in process industries and HAZOP analysis with case studies; Handling toxic and flammable materials in process industries; Fire and Explosion, Runway reactions and general aspects of reactor safety; Different class of criticality or severity and assessment of severity of the process; risk assessment of different chemical processes through event tree and fault tree analysis and related case studies; Source models and dispersion models with case studies for toxic materials release in plant environment.

Transcript of Light-Dependent Reaction in Photosynthesis

Introduction: Course outline, relevance to modern engineering activities in everyday life and in technology; Structured fluids and their flow characteristics including non-Newtonian features and their measurement in simple shear, oscillatory shear and elongation flow; Constitutive equations; Conservation equations (Mass, Momentum, Energy); Simple model flows with and without heat transfer; Melting and mixing of polymers; Polymer forming processes – extrusion, calendaring, coating, fiber spinning.

In the Light-Independent Process (the Dark reaction) ..

Signal processing in digital control - Sampling, time and frequency domain description, aliasing, hold operation, choice of sampling rate, reconstruction; Modelling and analysis of sampled data control systems; Difference equations and Z-transform; pulse transfer function, time and frequency response of discrete time control systems; stability of digital control systems, Jury's stability test; state variable concepts, first companion, second companion, Jordan canonical models; Controllability and Observability; Review of principles of compensator design, digital compensator design using frequency response plots, discrete integrator, differentiator, development of digital PID controller, transfer function, design in the Z-plane; Dead beat controllers by state feedback and dead beat observers; Mechanization of control algorithms – PID control laws and software implementation using Microcontrollers; Microcontroller based temperature and speed control systems.

of Light reaction of Photosynthesis simplified

Review of fundamentals in chemical reaction engineering, Numerical solutions of reaction engineering problems, membrane reactors, micro-reactors, reactive distillation, unsteady state non-isothermal batch-semibatch-CSTR-PFR reactor design, chemical reaction with mass transfer, fluidized bed reactor, multiphase reactors, design of non-ideal reactor using residence time distribution data.