Neorealism and neoliberal institutionalism ..

Furthermore, the power of Western states within these institutions, and subsequent dominance of neoliberalism, meant that alternative theories and approaches to development – e.g. those that deny the universalising tendencies of neoliberalism and focus on country-specific and local conceptions of development – found little support among policy-makers. This hegemonic neoliberal faith in the universal nature of the ‘free’ market ignores both context-specific issues and the power structures inherent in the global system that direct capital flows away from the developing world. Illustrative of this is a by a coalition of NGOs which shows how each year, when balancing aid, loans and foreign investment against extraction of profits by foreign multinationals, tax evasion, debt repayments and brain drain processes, there is a net outflow of $58bn from Africa. This net outflow belies the rhetoric surrounding the ‘generous West’ and its aid to the continent. It also further highlights the inequity of the global neoliberal financial system and the structural impediments to development inherent in, among other things, the Bretton Woods institutions.

what neo-realism and neo-liberalism might look like if ..

An Appraisal of Robert Keohane: Neoliberalism and Liberal Institutionalism in World Politics

Neorealism and Neoliberal Institutionalism | …

7. Grieco, J., 1988. Anarchy and the Limits of Cooperation: A Realist Critique of the newest Liberal Institutionalism. International Organization 42 (3):485-507.

(neo)Realism and (neo)Liberalism is less about a certain ..

Both ‘neo’ theoretical approaches have their differences, neorealists focus primarily on high politics and neoliberal institutionalists focus on low politics, but regardless of this, they both share similar worldviews. They share a comparable epistemology and ontology, focus on similar questions, and have a number of assumptions about world politics, solidifying the IR mainstream against reflectivist attacks. The assumptions shared by neo-neo purport that there is no common authority and states are unitary and interest-maximizing actors. Furthermore, the research platform for which these theories focus on behavioural regularities, and the state-centric empirical focus addressing issues that disrupt the status-quo, show clear evidence of synthesis. To conclude, I firmly believe that the evolution of both neorealism and neoliberal institutionalism has resulted in these theories falling under one header, and has subsequently together come under fire from positivist attacks.

11/06/2012 · Neorealism and neoliberal institutionalism ..
neo-realism and neo-liberalism represent paradigms or conceptual frameworks that ..

liberal and neo-realist international relations theories.

The rationalist approach provides analytical debate for notable issues within the study of IR, such as cooperation among great powers, but offer little guidance in situations where their basic ontological assumption that states are autonomous actors is violated. If decisions made within a state are constrained by external factors, the autonomy is not demonstrated. For both neorealism and neoliberalism, the Westphalian model presents a logical paradox as both theories assume autonomy and self-help. A logical contradiction between self-help and autonomy is purported through focussing on wars between great powers or economic bargaining between major powers, where autonomy is rarely an issue; these actions are not consistent with the rules and principles of Westphalian and international legal sovereignty (Krasner, 1999).

The debate between neorealism and neoliberal institutionalism has dominated ..

Neoliberalism (international relations) - Wikipedia

4: Power and Institutions:
The 'Neo-Neo Synthesis'?
Beyond 'Neo-Neo':
Debate or Synthesis?

Problem of
what comes after?
Empirical Refutiation
The Role of Entrenched Assumptions
Core Assumptions of Classical Realism
Anarchy as systemic condition
Rational actor model
‘Self-help’ system
Structuralism: uni-,bi-, multi-polarity
Co-operation possible but precarious
Power = Capability (materialism)

Although there are significant differences between neo-realism and neo-liberalism they ..

NEO-LIBERALISM Neo-liberal institutionalism or Liberal ..

In Mearsheimer’s article The False Promise of International Institutions, he purports that institutions reflect the distribution of power in the world; moreover, institutions have little influence on state behavior and offer diminutive opportunity for holding stability in a post Cold War period. Where neoliberals believe there to be strong correlation between institutions, economic cooperation and peace, neorealists doubt the link made between cooperation and stability as neoliberal theorists avoid military issues (Mearsheimer, 1995).