Social Research | Social Research | Hypothesis

Consider the following example. A social scientist may hypothesize that smaller class sizes in secondary schools will lead to higher performance on standardized tests. Because it is easy to observe the number of students in a class and the standardized tests scores are also easily observable (though there may be questions of the validity of the test as a measure of "intelligence" or even "academic achievement"), this hypothesis is easy to test. The test itself is also easy to replicate by the original social scientist or by other investigators. The hypothesis is sufficiently clear that any observer would be able to tell whether people in the smaller classes actually performed better on standardized tests. The judgment, then, is not a product of the specific observer but is instead independent of the identity of the scientist (a subject of some controversy that is discussed in a later section).

Rules for Social Research | Hypothesis | Social Research


Role of Hypothesis in Social Research - Your Article Library

CORRECTION: It's true that some scientific research is performed without any attention to its applications, but this is certainly not true of all science. Many scientists choose specific areas of research (e.g., malaria genetics) because of the practical ramifications new knowledge in these areas might have. And often, basic research that is performed without any aim toward potential applications later winds up being extremely useful. To learn about some of the many applications of scientific knowledge visit

Research illuminates the benefits of random practice …

CORRECTION: Scientists do strive to be unbiased as they consider different scientific ideas, but scientists are people too. They have different personal beliefs and goals — and may favor different hypotheses for different reasons. Individual scientists may not be completely objective, but science can overcome this hurdle through the action of the scientific community, which scrutinizes scientific work and helps balance biases. To learn more, visit in our section on the social side of science.

Generating A Research Hypothesis - University of …

How to Plan and Write a Testable Hypothesis - wikiHow

Many scholars pursue an alternative style of hypothesis testing. These scholars tend to be unsatisfied with the techniques of measurement for social concepts employed in many quantitative research projects. In lieu of quantitative measurements of large samples of observations, qualitative hypothesis testing involves the careful study of a smaller number of observations with detailed treatment of the context and meaning of the social concepts themselves.

13/09/2016 · How to Write a Hypothesis

A qualitative hypothesis testing strategy follows the basic procedure of hypothesis testing. The social scientist generates a hypothesis in response to a research question. The social scientist then compares his or her expectation against the observed world. The difference between the qualitative approach and the quantitative approach reviewed earlier is in the strategy for getting reliable observations of the world.

Hypothesis in Qualitative Research - ResearchGate

One of the major strategies for hypothesis testing is quantitative research. The focus of this approach is on the quantification of social science concepts for purposes of comparison and hypothesis testing. For example, a social scientist might ask whether the U.S. president’s approval ratings have gone down over the past year. This could give some sense of the power the president might have in promoting his or her legislative agenda or the chances of the president’s party in an upcoming election.

Stebbins, Exploratory Research in the Social Sciences.

The hypothesis would be the social scientist’s guess as to how the candidate will fare against the proposed opponent. A good hypothesis will be one that is well grounded in the available theory on elections and that is testable against observable data (in this case a survey). The hypothesis would predict whether the approval ratings of the president have gone down over the past year. It would provide a preliminary answer to the stated research question. More ambitious hypotheses that predict specific levels of support (that the president has lost 8 percent of support from the previous year) are possible, but these require highly developed theories. One can take as an example the basic hypothesis that the president’s approval rating has gone down in the past year.

Hypothesis Definition, Checklist, and Examples

the opposite of the research hypothesis. The null hypothesis states that any effects observed after treatment (or associated with a predictor variable) are due to chance alone. Statistically, the question that is being answered is "If these samples came from the same population with regard to the outcome, how likely is the obtained result?"