Does protein synthesis occur in chloroplasts

This reaction occurs when Trp is used unprotected. The addition of Pmc (or Pbf) to the indole ring will occur and the amount of by-product is related to the distance between the Trp and the Arg residues [68].

How does protein synthesis occur? | Yahoo Answers

Where does protein synthesis occur? | Yahoo Answers

Where does protein synthesis occur? Confused!!? | …

You can see how this works in the figure below. Without a training stimulus, muscle protein synthesis and muscle protein breakdown cancel each other out.

Best answer : where does protein synthesis occur

To understand protein synthesis, it's important to become better acquainted with mTor. Research tells us that when you force a muscle to contract against a heavy load, the primary response is an activation of protein synthesis. Protein synthesis activation is, in turn, controlled by a series of phosphorylation events orchestrated by a protein called mammalian target of rapamycin, or mTOR for short.


quiz protein synthesis - Biology Junction

To make more muscle we need protein, and the type and timing of protein intake during the post-workout period has been shown to control the overall increase in protein synthesis that occurs immediately after training.

Protein synthesis :: DNA from the Beginning

Importantly, activation of protein synthesis in the seems to ultimately determine how well we respond to training in the . What this means is that not only are workouts needed to maximally activate protein synthesis, but the right nutrition needs to be there at precisely the right time for this to happen.

Protein Synthesis -Translation and Regulation

There's been considerable research on exactly what type of nutrition is needed to maximally activate protein synthesis. While we'll discuss specifics later, it's important to know that only the essential amino acids (EAAs) have been shown to activate protein synthesis, with in particular being the most important for turning on the protein synthesis machinery.

Best answer : why does protein synthesis occur - …

Post‐translational processing and trafficking of secreted and transmembrane proteins in neurons: (a) During and after translation, secreted and transmembrane proteins receive post‐translational modifications (text, left) as they pass through the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), Golgi apparatus and ‐Golgi network (TGN). Finally, vesicles containing the proteins bud from the TGN and are transported to their final destination. Targeting mechanisms guide the vesicles to the axon or dendrites and then to the correct area within each where they are secreted or inserted into the plasma membrane. In a process called transcytosis (centre), some axonal membrane proteins are first inserted into the dendritic plasma membrane and then reinternalised and trafficked to the axon. (b) Transmembrane proteins, including neurotransmitter receptors, can also be removed from and inserted into the membrane at synapses. Stimulation changes the number of receptors at a synapse which determines the magnitude of synaptic transmissions. On the presynaptic side there are clear vesicles that contain conventional neurotransmitters (e.g. glutamate, GABA) as well as dense‐core vesicles that contain neuropeptides. (c) Many neuropeptides are produced by cleavage of a single large precursor called a prepropeptide in the Golgi and the TGN. Illustrated, a precursor called proopiomelanocortin (POMC) is cleaved up to 8 times to form up to 10 different neuropeptides. (From Castro and Morrison .). (d) As a transmembrane protein is translated, signal sequences in the protein cause it to cross the ER membrane in a certain orientation. Secreted proteins cross the ER membrane a single time. Multiple signal sequences can cause the protein to cross the ER membrane many times (not shown). Adapted from Lodish .

how does protein synthesis takes place?????

Think of it like this – if mTOR is like the gas-pedal for protein synthesis, then AMPK is the brakes. While it's been shown that pre-workout nutrition doesn't improve the post-workout burst in protein synthesis better than exercise alone, pre-workout amino acid intake does blunt AMPK mediated inhibition of mTOR.

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Researchers have also compared the effects of peri-workout nutrition to post-workout nutrition on protein synthesis. The results of these studies are similar to the pre-workout studies in that protein intake during a strength training workout resulted in an increase in protein synthesis, but much less-so than when protein was delivered post-workout.