Define the terms and scope of the topic
Goal and scope of the thesis, Coursework Academic Writing Service
Indeed, many debates at the interface of science and public policyare characterized by disagreements on propositions that combine afactual basis with specific goals and values. Take, for instance, theview that growing transgenic crops carries too much risk in terms ofbiosecurity, or that global warming needs to be addressed by cuttingCO2 emissions. The critical question in such debates iswhether there are theses such that one side in the debateendorses , the other side rejects it, the evidence is shared,and both sides have good reasons for their respective positions.
Objective And Scope Thesis - 667373 - Rosen Digital …
In his classic “Against Method” (1975:chs. 8–13), Feyerabend elaborates on this criticism by examininga famous episode in the history of science: the development ofGalilean mechanics and the discovery of the Jupiter moons. Insuperficial treatments of this episode, it is stressed that anobscurantist and value-driven Catholic Church forced Galilei to recantfrom a scientifically superior position backed by value-free,objective findings. But in fact, Feyerabend argues, the Church had thebetter arguments by the standards of 17th century science. Theirconservatism regarding their Weltanschauung wasscientifically backed: Galilei's telescopes were unreliable forcelestial observations, and many well-established phenomena (no fixedstar parallax, invariance of laws of motion) could at first not beexplained in the heliocentric system. Hence, scientific method was noton Galilei's side, but on the side of the Church who gave preferenceto the old, Ptolemaic worldview. With hindsight, Galilei managed toachieve groundbreaking scientific progress just because hedeliberately violated rules of scientific reasoning, because hestubbornly stuck to a problematic approach until decisive theoreticaland technological innovations were made. Hence Feyerabend's dictum“Anything goes”: no methodology whatsoever is able tocapture the creative and often irrational ways by which sciencedeepens our understanding of the world.