Generating Hypotheses and Predictions - TeacherVision

Exemplary datasets are discussed to validate the approach, which illustrate how initial hypotheses can be generated from the consortium-produced metabolomics data, integrated with prior knowledge to provide a testable hypothesis concerning the functionality of GUFs.AB - Metabolomics is the methodology that identifies and measures global pools of small molecules (of less than about 1,000 Da of a biological sample, which are collectively called the metabolome.

Generating Hypotheses and Predictions

Generating hypotheses from the web (PDF Download …

Thinking Skills Guide - Generating and Testing Hypotheses

they could not handle. The ease or difficulty with which students understand these models depends on the complexity of the relationships being communicated. Even preschoolers can understand scale models used to depict location in a room (DeLoache, 2004). Primary grade students can pretty readily overcome the influence of the appearance of the model to focus on and investigate the way it functions (Penner et al., 1997), but middle school students (and some adults) struggle to work out the positional relationships of the earth, the sun, and the moon, which involves not only reconciling different perspectives with respect to perspective and frame (what one sees standing on the earth, what one would see from a hypothetical point in space), but also visualizing how these perspectives would change over days and months (see, for example, the detailed curricular suggestions at the web site ).

How would you contrast and define hypothesis testing …

Frequently, students are expected to read or produce diagrams, often integrating the information from the diagram with information from accompanying text (Hegarty and Just, 1993; Mayer, 1993). The comprehensibility of diagrams seems to be governed less by domain-general principles than by the specifics of the diagram and its viewer. Comprehensibility seems to vary with the complexity of what is portrayed, the particular diagrammatic details and features, and the prior knowledge of the user.

Generating and testing hypotheses is an instructional ..

Lehrer and Schauble (2000, 2003, 2006) reported observing characteristic shifts in the understanding of modeling over the span of the elementary school grades, from an early emphasis on literal depictional forms, to representations that are progressively more symbolic and mathematically powerful. Diversity in representational and mathematical resources both accompanied and produced conceptual change. As children developed and used new mathematical means for characterizing growth, they understood biological change in increasingly dynamic ways. For example, once students understood the mathematics of ratio and changing ratios, they began to conceive of growth not as simple linear increase, but as a patterned rate of change. These transitions in conception and representation appeared to support each other, and they opened up new lines of inquiry. Children wondered whether plant growth was like animal growth, and whether the growth of yeast and bacteria on a Petri dish would show a pattern like the growth of a single plant. These forms of conceptual development required a context in which teachers systematically supported a restricted set of central ideas, building successively on earlier concepts over the grades of schooling.

Generating / Test Hypothesis - Integrating Technology …

The picture that emerges from developmental and cognitive research on scientific thinking is one of a complex intertwining of knowledge of the natural world, general reasoning processes, and an understanding of how scientific knowledge is generated and evaluated. Science and scientific thinking are not only about logical thinking or conducting carefully controlled experiments. Instead, building knowledge in science is a complex process of building and testing models and theories, in which knowledge of the natural world and strategies for generating and evaluating evidence are closely intertwined. Working from this image of science, a few researchers have begun to investigate the development of children’s knowledge and skills in modeling.

ncwlearningwithtechnology - Generating and Testing Hypothesis

Mayer (1993) proposes three common reasons why diagrams mis-communicate: some do not include explanatory information (they are illustrative or decorative rather than explanatory), some lack a causal chain, and some fail to map the explanation to a familiar or recognizable context. It is not clear that school students misperceive diagrams in ways that are fundamentally different from the perceptions of adults. There may be some diagrammatic conventions that are less familiar to children, and children may well have less knowledge about the phenomena being portrayed, but there is no reason to expect that adult novices would respond in fundamentally different ways. Although they have been studied for a much briefer period of time, the same is probably true of complex computer displays.