Part Three: Gene Expression and Protein Synthesis
Gene Expression and Protein Synthesis
The piece of mRNA that results from the direct transcription of the DNA thatencodes a "gene" is called the "primary transcript" and itundergoes modification, sometimes quite extensively, before it can translate itsmessage into protein.
Protein Synthesis Flashcards | Quizlet
Early experimenters were faced with the task of determining which of the 64 possible codons stood for each of the 20 amino acids. The cracking of the genetic code was the joint accomplishment of several well-known geneticists—notably Har Khorana, Marshall Nirenberg, Philip Leder, and Severo Ochoa—from 1961 to 1964. The genetic dictionary they compiled, summarized in , shows that 61 codons code for amino acids, and 3 codons serve as signals for the termination of polypeptide synthesis (much like the period at the end of a sentence). Notice that only methionine (AUG) and tryptophan (UGG) have single codons. All other amino acids have two or more codons.
Protein Synthesis and the Genetic Code - GitHub Pages
N2 - Incoming type C retroviral genomic 35S RNA is present in polysomes of undifferentiated and differentiated murine teratocarcinoma cell lines at 4 hours after infection. At the same time a 65,000 daltons viral specific protein is produced by the infected cells. These data present evidence that incoming viral RNA serves as messenger for the synthesis of gag protein precursor Pr65 early in the infectious cycle of ecotropic murine retrovirus.