Gateway Drug Hypothesis | Drug War Facts

Miriam Boeri, writing for , even claims, “For decades, scientists who study addiction have received have received millions of dollars in government and pharmaceutical funding to perpetuate the gateway hypothesis. Many would lose their respected reputations (or continued funding) if a gateway mechanism is not a legitimate research goal.”

Cannabis Use and Progression to Use of Other Drugs ..

Cannabis use and other illicit drug use: testing the cannabis gateway hypothesis.

Is cannabis a gateway to hard drugs? | SpringerLink

the majority of people who use marijuana do not go on to use other, ‘harder’ substances.” An alternative to the gateway-drug hypothesis is that people who are more vulnerable to drug-taking are simply more likely to start with readily available substances such as marijuana, tobacco, or alcohol, and their subsequent social interactions with others who use drugs increases their chances of trying other drugs.”

Is cannabis a gateway drug? Testing hypotheses about …

And, former said, “It isn’t so much that marijuana is the step right before using prescription drugs or opioids—it is true that if you tend to experiment with a lot of things in life, you may be inclined to experiment with drugs, as well. But it’s not like we’re seeing that marijuana as a specific gateway.” Her predecessor U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder held the same position.

Early onset cannabis use and progression to other drug use in a sample of Dutch twins.

Is Cannabis a Gateway Drug? - Prohbtd

The use of cannabis in medicine began to decline by the end of the 19th century, due to the rise in popularity
of synthetic and opium derived drugs. The advent of the hypodermic syringe allowed these drugs to be injected for immediate effect,
Cannabis is not water soluble and therefore cannot be injected.

Is cannabis a ‘gateway drug’ to the ..

According to the gateway hypothesis, individuals rarely use certain substances, such as heroin or cocaine, without having first used “gateway” substances, such as legal drugs or cannabis.

Cannabis use and other illicit drug use: testing the cannabis gateway hypothesis

Cannabis is unequivocally not a gateway drug

The charts also show that alcohol causes significantly more personal and social damage than any other substance, and marijuana’s reputation as a ‘gateway’ drug is not supported. Interestingly, traumatic childhood experience, mental illness and economic insecurity are more telling predictors of substance abuse than availability of the drugs.”

Probability and predictors of the cannabis gateway effect: A national study.

Marijuana a "Gateway" Drug? Scientists Call Theory …

While the gateway hypothesis is useful for describing possible linkages between early substances that are used and later ones, it is problematic for a number of reasons. Variations in patterns of initiation and progression, and changes in drug involvement in later stages of the drug use career are likely to be overlooked by those promoting the validity of the gateway hypothesis.”

with the idea that marijuana is a "gateway drug," and that smoking it leads ..

Probability and predictors of the cannabis gateway …

The aim of this study was to examine which substance use model-the gateway hypothesis, the common liability (CL) model and/or the route of administration model-best explains the relationship between early onset of tobacco and alcohol use and subsequent cannabis use initiation.