Bibliographies - Critical Survey of the Literature on …
Works by J. C. A. Gaskin - PhilPapers
If one would know the number of people who ever have done something in Scn (the number of folders would show it) and have LEFT compared to the number of Scientologists that are in (not taken into account how many are UTR due to the threat of disconnection) it would be proof that Scn and Hubbard’s ‘tech’, including the PTS/SP ‘tech’, does not work.
the Natural History of Religion
It is evident that the foundations of this argument rest with therelated causal principles that everything must have a cause or groundfor its existence and that no effect can have any perfection that isnot also in its cause. To deny either of these causal principles is,on Clarke's account, to reject the more general principle that“nothing can come from nothing” (a principle that theatheists such as Lucretius have themselves acknowledged). In theTreatise Hume develops an account of causation that directlycontradicts these causal principles. Contrary to the causal maxim,Hume maintains, it is entirely possible for us to conceive ofsomething beginning to exist without any cause. To deny this impliesno contradiction or absurdity and, therefore, this principle isneither intuitively nor demonstratively certain (T,1.3.3/78–9). Granted that this is correct, it follows that we cannotshow that it is inconceivable or absurd to deny that the wholeuniverse requires some distinct and independent ground or cause of itsexistence. From this it follows that it is conceivable or logicallypossible that there exists a causal series that came into existenceuncreated or has always existed without any further cause or groundfor its existence. This is not to say that the world is created orproduced by nothing; nor is it to say that the world was produced byitself — as both these claims would be absurd. All that isclaimed is that it is conceivable that the world is not created orproduced or the effect of anything. On this view, as far as we cantell a priori, the world may have come into existence without anycause whatsoever. There is no contradiction or absurdity in supposingthis.