He went on to outline the common features tragic drama must have.

The need to understand how spatial and temporal heterogeneity in the resource endowment creates opportunities for some to benefit at the expense of others, thereby often exacerbating equity problems;

Another Argument Outline Template.

Now you turn your head to the left and watch a group of men bench pressing.

The Drama Department offers two options on the master's level:

Comprising case studies and multiple disciplinary approaches to examining effective management of the commons through collective action. Three conclusions are reached: neither local-level nor state-level institutions are sufficient for effective management of the commons, cross-scale institutional linkages are needed, and the levels of scientific uncertainty about common-pool resources require complex adaptive systems of management.

Law of Man in the Greek Tragedy, "Antigone#

van Laerhoven, Frank, and Elinor Ostrom. 2007. Traditions and trends in the study of the commons. International Journal of the Commons 1.1: 3–28.

One of these men is starting to look sick, sweating and huffing loudly, clearly overworking....

This essay will focus on the tragedy side of Greek theatre.

But at some point the population will begin growing and the herdsman will want to maximize their profits by having more cattle, which in return the land cannot sustain....

The Souls of Black Folk Questions and Answers.

Given this continued confusion, it is important that a clear set of definitions of key terms be presented in this initial chapter and used consistently throughout the book. In this chapter we focus on terms and concepts that now have gained relatively general agreement across disciplines. In , we turn to some of the newer conceptual developments in the field.

The title ‘tragedy’ can be placed on virtually any piece of writing that involves a death.

Accountability of monitors and other officials to users

Attempts to identify such conjunctural relationships are critically important for the commons literature because many of the causal relationships in commons situations may be contingent relationships where the impact of a particular variable is likely to depend on the state attained by a different causal factor, or on the relationship of the variable with some contextual factors (Rose, this volume:). As another example, consider the question of fairness in allocation of benefits from the commons. Typically, intuition as well as much of the scholarship on the commons suggests that fairer allocation of benefits is likely to lead to more sustainable institutional arrangements. In a social context characterized by highly hierarchical social and political organization, however, institutional arrangements specifying asymmetric distribution of benefits may be more sustainable.

The play, Death of a Salesman is not tragedy in the traditional sense of the word....


This chapter focuses on the large body of empirical work on common property. Its objective is delineate some of the most significant accomplishments of this literature, discuss some of its continuing deficiencies, and highlight shifts in research approaches and methods that can help address existing weaknesses. In an enduring achievement, scholars of common property have shown that markets or private property arrangements and state ownership or management do not exhaust the range of plausible institutional mechanisms to govern natural resource use. But the documentation and theoretical defense of this insight has rested chiefly on the analysis and examination of hundreds of separate case studies of successful common-pool resource governance. Each such study has generated different conclusions about what counts in “successful” resource management. The multiplicity of causal variables, and the lack of attention to how the observed effects of these variables depend on the state of the context, has created significant gaps in explanations of how common property institutions work. Addressing these gaps will require important shifts in how scholars of commons conduct their research.

There are two different types of tragedy: classical tragedy and Shakespearean tragedy.

How did the Freedmen's Bureau come to be?

The term commons is used in everyday language to refer to a diversity of resources or facilities as well as to property institutions that involve some aspect of joint ownership or access. As mentioned, analytical advantages exist in separating the concept of the resource or good valued by humans from the concept of the rules that may be used to govern and manage the behavior and actions of humans using these resources. In this view, a common-pool resource is a valued natural or human-made resource or facility that is available to more than one person and subject to degradation as a result of overuse. Common-pool resources are ones for which exclusion from the resource is costly and one person’s use subtracts from what is available to others. The diversity of property rights regimes that can be used to regulate the use of common-pool resources is very large, including the broad categories of government ownership, private ownership, and ownership by a community. When no property rights define who can use a common-pool resource and how its uses are regulated, a common-pool resource is under an open-access regime.