It actually uses only certain colors to make photosynthesis happen
Over 90% of plants use C 3 carbon fixation, ..
C3 plants have the disadvantage that in hot dry conditions their photosynthetic efficiency suffers because of a process called . When the CO2 concentration in the drops below about 50 ppm, the catalyst that helps to fix carbon begins to fix oxygen instead. This is highly wasteful of the energy that has been collected from the light, and causes the rubisco to operate at perhaps a quarter of its maximal rate.
It is important to note that not all plants photosynthesize
Photosynthesis does the opposite of respiration. Carbon dioxide is absorbed and oxygen is produced. In order to study respiration in green plants we must block out the light, because although green plants respire all the time they only photosynthesize in the light.
photosynthesis | Importance, Process, & Reactions - …
C4 plants almost never saturate with light and under hot, dry conditions much outperform . They use a two-stage process were CO2 is fixed in thin-walled mesophyll cells to form a 4-carbon intermediate, typically malate (malic acid). The reaction involves phosphoenol pyruvate () which fixes CO2 in a reaction catalyzed by PEP-carboxylate. It forms oxaloacetic acid (OAA) which is quickly converted to malic acid. The 4-carbon acid is actively pumped across the cell membrane into a thick-walled bundle sheath cell where it is split to CO2 and a 3-carbon compound.
Plants - Cool Science Facts for Kids About Plants
Under moderate temperature conditions when C3 plants have sufficient water, the supply of carbon dioxide is abundant and photorespiration is not a problem. The CO2 concentration of the atmosphere as of 2004 was about 380 ppm and this CO2 freely diffuses through the stomata of leaves and across the membranes of the while water diffuses out through the stomata. But during hot and dry conditions, the stomata close to prevent excessive water loss and the continuing fixation of carbon in the dramatically reduces the relative concentration of CO2. When it reaches a critical level of about 50 ppm the rubisco stops fixing CO2 and begins to fix O2 instead. Even though the detoured process feeds some PGA back into the cycle, the photorespiration process causes rubisco to operate at only about 25% of its optimal rate.