dehydration synthesis digestive Study Sets and …


Examples of Dehydration Reactions and Hydrolysis:

Digestion - polymers are too large to enter cells, so they undergo hydrolysis and break down to enter the bloodstream and then cells.
Then dehydration reactions take place to rebuild the polymer inside the cell.

Dehydration Synthesis - Biology As Poetry

There is a process by which this joining usually occurs, and it's called dehydration synthesis.

Dehydration Synthesis - Biology-Online Dictionary

The converse of dehydration synthesis is . Dehydration synthesis, that is, builds up – at the expense of () – while breaks apart, liberating ().

, for example, is from and via an -requiring dehydration synthesis , and is converted back to in the course of a .

Shmoop Biology explains Monomers, Polymers, and Dehydration Synthesis

The converse of dehydration synthesis is . Dehydration synthesis, that is, builds up – at the expense of () – while breaks apart, liberating ().

, for example, is from and via an -requiring dehydration synthesis , and is converted back to in the course of a .


Synthesis of Biological Macromolecules | Boundless …

Carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids) are huge and made of thousands of atoms.



Polymers are broken down through the reverse process, hydrolysis.
A Condensation reaction is when two molecules are covalently bonded through the loss of a molecule.
More Specifically, these are
dehydration reactions
, as an H2O molecule is lost.
This is repeated over many times to connect many monomers into a polymer.
Enzymes are special macromolecules, that speed up this chemical reaction.

Synthesis of Biological Macromolecules

are a class of lipids that contain two monomers, one fatty acid bonded through an ester linkage to one alcohol (a hydrocarbon containing a hydroxyl group). The hydrocarbon chain in the alcohol monomer of waxes varies from a short linear chain to complex carbon ring structures. Waxes provide protective barriers to prevent water loss and protect cells. Waxes protect seeds and nutrients inside plant fruits and coat the surface of plant leaves, forming a cuticle to prevent water loss. Bees synthesize beeswax honeycombs for storing food and protecting offspring. Waxes prevent dehydration from body surfaces of many insects and repel water on the surface of bird feathers and some animal furs.

Hydrolysis and dehydration synthesis? | Yahoo Answers

One type of lipid monomer, a , consists of one carboxyl group at the end of a linear hydrocarbon containing at least four carbon atoms. Because hydrocarbon chains are nonpolar, fatty acids with long hydrocarbon chains are mainly hydrophobic (insoluble in water) despite having one polar functional group. Unlike other biomolecule groups, fatty acid monomers are not directly bonded to each other in polymer chains. Dehydration synthesis reactions in lipids form an ester linkage between the carboxyl group of a fatty acid and the hydroxyl group of an alcohol monomer such as glycerol. Monomer and polymer structures vary widely depending on the type of lipid, and not all lipid groups contain fatty acids.

Hydrolysis and Dehydration: Definitions & Examples - …

Fatty acids can be or . We determine saturation level by identifying the types of covalent bonds present in the hydrocarbon chain of a fatty acid. Before examining the hydrocarbon chain of a fatty acid, first identify the one oxygen-to-carbon double bond in the carboxyl functional group, which is present in all fatty acids and does not affect saturation. If all carbon-to-carbon bonds in the hydrocarbon chain are single covalent bonds, the fatty acid is saturated with as many hydrogen atoms as possible. Therefore, the fatty acid is saturated. When one or more carbon-to-carbon double bonds are present, the fatty acid is not saturated with hydrogen atoms and is called unsaturated. The carbon atoms involved in each double bond are bonded to one less hydrogen atom than the carbon atoms involved in each single bond. This is an unsaturated state because changing a double bond into a single bond would increase the number of hydrogen atoms.

Quizlet provides hydrolysis digestive activities, ..

Like many biomolecules, fatty acids form isomers when a double bond is present because the double bond locks the atoms around it into a fixed position. The specific isomers present in a particular lipid have significant effects on the lipid’s structure and function in living organisms. Almost all living organisms synthesize and incorporate cis-fatty acids into their lipids. Cis-fatty acids are isomers in which the continuing carbon chains on each end of the double bond face the same direction. A cis-isomer is bent or “kinked,” preventing cis-fatty acids from packing closely together.