Case Studies | Biochemistry for Medics – Lecture Notes

The chemical reactions that form covalent bonds between monomers are collectively called reactions. In this type of reaction, a water molecule is released as a product, effectively dehydrating the reactants as a larger biomolecule is synthesized. Dehydration synthesis is also called a condensation reaction due to the removal of water (condensation = water “condenses” out). In each of the four macromolecule groups, the specific chemical bonds formed by dehydration synthesis involve unique atom pairs and three-dimensional positions, affecting the structure and function of each biomolecule differently.

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This website has animations showing dehydration synthesis and hydrolysis of carbohydrates ..

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Modes of thought, Heuristics and biases: Modes of thought (intuitive and deliberative), heuristics (anchoring and availability, representativeness), Biases (Framing effects, mental accounting), taming intuitive heuristics, self-regulation in the brain, The positive side of heuristic decision making.

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Basic modes of catalytic action, Classification and key concepts, Practical applications and economic impact; Materials Perspective, Desired characteristics, nature of the active site, metal support interaction, lattice oxygen and defect, Adsorption, adsorption mechanisms and models. Oxides, noble metals, and other materials as catalysts, Synthesis and Characterization of catalysts; Analytical techniques, Supports, Dopes, Alloys, Core-shell, Nanoparticles; Screening of catalysts, Scientific and Engineering considerations; Kinetics of Catalytic Reactions, Strategies and designs for laboratory studies; Development of basic forms of rate equations; Analysis and Interpretation of catalytic reactor data/performance, Heat and Mass transfer effects, role of pore diffusion, Effectiveness Factors; Deactivation and poisoning, Mechanisms, models and design strategies; Catalysis in Action, Energy & Environment, Polymerization, Bio- processing. Special Topics: Biocatalysis, Electrocatalysis, Catalysis in Colloid Systems.

Carbohydrates and Dehydration Synthesis: The structure of carbohydrates is an important concept for students to understand
Biochem Brainpop Dehydration Synthesis & Hydrolysis Animation Dehydration Synthesis & Hydrolysis Video Carbohydrates …

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Vapor phase processing to produce glass for optical fibers, optical components, amorphous inorganic materials: particulate silica and silica nanoparticles; Vaporization: Principles & equipment designs for vaporization of liquid and solid phase reactants; Reaction processes: Homogeneous vapor phase reactions to produce nanoparticles of glass forming oxide particles (soot); Deposition process: Thermophoretic deposition of soot particles to form dense or porous bodies- process design and control for product quality and cost effectiveness of process; Air- pollution control technologies: Environmental engineering related to removal of nano-particles and acid from stack exhaust; Downstream processes: Dehydration and sintering and fiber drawing; Fiber designs and applications: For communication fiber and specialty fiber for devices & sensors.

There's an old saying, "You are what you eat." In some senses, this is literally true

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Another important reaction of monosaccharides is that because of their OH groups, therings can be joined together to form disaccharides. The reaction is a dehydration reactionbetween molecules, thus an intermolecular dehydration reaction.

Dehydration synthesis forms a peptide bond between amino acids and releases a water ..

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Strictly you should view condensation reactions as reducing, that is, "condensing" the number of components over the course of a , though with the caveat that the number of chemical players does not actually decline in number, i.e., A-X + Y-B → A-B + X-Y strictly stays the same number-wise. Note that X-Y here is the small molecule that has been lost and that in a dehydration synthesis reaction -X could be equivalent to and -Y the equivalent of -.

Alternatively, and not necessarily how a would strive to memorize this, you could consider the condensation of two into a single compound as resulting in water "condensing" out of the two reactants. This does strictly result in as in the "sweating" of a cold drink on a day. Nonetheless, such a condensation reaction would serve to increase water concentrations which, if in vapor form and sufficiently abundant, could lead to such condensation. Just keep in mind, however, that this description should be used as rather than as a literal description of "condensation" as it occurs during all condensation reactions.