Cycloheximide | Protein synthesis inhibitor | Hello Bio
Cycloheximide inhibit protein synthesis
Sanguinarine, a benzophenanthridine alkaloid, has anticancer potential through induction of cell death. We previously demonstrated that sanguinarine treatment at a low concentration (1.5 μg/ml) induced apoptosis in K562 human erythroleukemia cells, and a high concentration (12.5 μg/ml) induced the morphology of blister formation or oncosis-blister cell death (BCD). Treatment of cells at an intermediate sanguinarine concentration (6.25 μg/ml) induced diffuse swelling or oncosis-diffuse cell swelling (DCS). To assess the underlying mechanism of sanguinarine-induced apoptosis and oncosis-BCD in K562 cells, we studied their response to pre-treatment with two chemical compounds: aurintricarboxylic acid (ATA) and cycloheximide (CHX). The pretreatment effects of both chemical compounds on apoptosis and oncosis-BCD were evaluated by measuring multiple parameters using quantitative morphology, electron microscopy, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) end-labeling and annexin-V-binding. ATA, a DNA endonuclease inhibitor, efficiently prevented DNA nicking and inhibited apoptosis almost completely and oncosis-BCD by about 40%, while CHX, a protein synthesis inhibitor, failed to inhibit both apoptosis and oncosis-BCD. These results demonstrate, first, the importance of endonuclease in sanguinarine-induced apoptosis and to some extent in oncosis-BCD and, second, that this inhibition does not require de novo protein synthesis.
Inhibition of Protein Synthesis by Antibiotics | Sigma …
Cycloheximide and acetoxycyloheximide were similar in their effect on the synthesis of RNA and protein by exponentially growing cells ofCandida utilis. Both antibiotics inhibited the synthesis of protein more than that of RNA. During inhibition there was preferential synthesis of ribosomal protein and some completed ribosomes were formed. However, the synthesis of ribosomal RNA was reduced more than that of transfer RNA. The actions of these drugs onCandida utilis are compared with the effects of other antibiotics whose primary effect on bacteria is to inhibit protein synthesis.