Cell Processes: Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration
Mitosis and Cell Division Quiz - ThoughtCo
Using the information above, compare these two simplified diagrams of mitosis and meiosis to visualize why cells are haploid after meiosis I. Specifically, compare the chromosomes in cells at the end of mitosis vs the end of meiosis I, recognizing that the diagram of mitosis tracks just a single pair of homologous chromosomes, whereas the diagram of meiosis tracks two pairs of homologous chromosomes (one long chromosome and short chromosome):
Concept 2: Mitosis and the Cell Division Cycle
The chromosome number is reduced from 2N to 1N in the first meiotic division, and stays at 1N in the second meiotic division. Because homologous chromosomes separate in the first division, the daughter cells no longer have copies of each chromosome from both parents, so they have haploid genetic information, and a 1N chromosome number. The second meiotic division, where sister chromatids separate, is like mitosis. Chromosome number stays the same when sister chromatids separate.
LabBench Activity Key Concepts Diffusion
All of the sugar produced in the photosynthetic cells of plants and other organisms is derived from the initial chemical combining of carbon dioxide and water with sunlight.
04/01/2018 · How Cells Divide: Mitosis vs
The last point appears to be the most difficult for students to grasp. Consider the X and Y chromosomes. They pair in prophase I, and then separate in the first division. The daughter cells of the first meiotic division have either an X or a Y; they don’t have both. Each cell now has only one sex chromosome, like a haploid cell.
Glossary of Terms: P - Physical Geography
Chromosomes condense and become visible by light microscopy as eukaryotic cells enter mitosis or meiosis. During interphase (G1 + S + G2), chromosomes are fully or partially decondensed, in the form of chromatin, which consists of DNA wound around histone proteins (nucleosomes).