They supply aof Braudel in Portuguese, signed by William McNeill.

What follows is the epic story of how the Phoenicians, the Etruscans, the Greeks and Romans, and the great river civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt struggled and thrived in this demanding but gloriously beautiful world bordered and shaped by the Mediterranean.

With its extraordinary depth and range of knowledge, Braudel’s superb history—expertly annotated to reflect recent archaeological discoveries—brings to life as never before the beginnings of Western culture.

"There is no place for both of us here" Braudel told him.

Braudel liked to think of himself as a typical Frenchman from the provinces.

Braudel became a member of the editorial board.

Fernand Braudel was born August 24, 1902, in the small town of Luneville in eastern France. His father was an academic administrator. As a young in history, he went to Algeria in 1923 to teach in a lycée and to work on his which was to be on Philip II of Spain and the Mediterranean. His thesis director, Lucien Febvre, made the fateful suggestion that Braudel invert the emphasis—the Mediterranean and Philip II. In 1935 he went to Brazil to teach in the university in São Paulo, Brazil, returning two and a half years later to France just before World War II, with an appointment in the IVe Section of the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (E. P. H. E.) in Paris. He spent the war in German prison camps in Mainz and Lübeck. During this time he wrote from memory his thesis, which has come to be considered the classic exemplary work of the school of history. It was titled (two volumes, 1949).

The riots of May 1968 in Paris took Braudel by surprise.

Written in the late 1960s—the decade during which Fernand Braudel was also atwork on his monumental Civilization and Capitalism—the manuscript was set aside on the death of the author’s longtime friend and editor, Albert Skira.

‘Europe and the rest: Braudel on capitalism’ (PDF …

So universal has his influence been on the study of history since the publication of his first major work fifty years ago that it is almost impossible for us to remember what history was like before Braudel.

Fernand Braudel has also shown that the idea that ..

Theshifting boundary between luxury and necessity here is also apparent inhouses, clothes and fashion, and Braudel suggests it was significantthat only Europe had rapidly changing fashions.

Harpur professor and director of the Fernand Braudel ..

Secondly, and this became Braudel's own great contribution, the school saw time as a social—more than as a physical—phenomenon, whence the idea of a plurality of social times. The great trinity that Braudel constructed and used as the framework for his book on the Mediterranean was long-term, very slowly evolving structures; medium-term, fluctuating cyclical processes; and short-term, ephemeral, highly visible events. Braudel downplayed the time of events and rejected a fourth time, the universal very long-term, as mythical. History was consequently the story of the interweaving of the long-term structures and the cyclical movements ().

Fernand Braudel, Historian | The Journal of Modern …

At the heart of Braudel's account is athree-level hierarchy: at the base is ordinary economic life, anall-embracing sea of subsistence agriculture, village barter, andproduction for local consumption; above this is the market, a world oftowns and trade, of markets, fairs, currencies, transport systems, billsof exchange, and workshops; and finally there is capitalism, with itsmonopolies, attempts to control complete trade networks or even entireworld-economies, and stress on flexibility above all else.

Fernand Braudel_History and the Social Sciences ..

The Structures of Everyday Life, subtitled "The Limits of thePossible", deals with the everyday constraints of material life; in itBraudel sketches what is almost a social history of the world.

Portrait of the Author as a Historian: Fernand Braudel

Fernand Braudel (1902-1985) was the leading exponent of the so-called school of history, which emphasizes total history over long historical periods and large geographical space.