A type of willow tree grows horizontally and the Arctic poppy …
The Net-veined Willow, a dwarf Arctic willow
Williams, M., Rastetter, E. B., Van der Pol, L. and Shaver, G. R. (2014), Arctic canopy photosynthetic efficiency enhanced under diffuse light, linked to a reduction in the fraction of the canopy in deep shade. New Phytologist, 202: 1267–1276. doi: 10.1111/nph.12750
Producers: dwarf willow, arctic willow, moss, ..
The rock provides extra warmth which it retains from the sun so the tree (as it strictly speaking is even though it only a few inches/cm high) spreads its leaves over the surface to make the most of the short spring and summer months. Trees such as these are often decades old, probably well over 50 years in the case of this tree with it's relatively broad trunk.
Photo; � Paul Ward - These are pictures taken while travelling in Eastern Greenland in the Arctic summer.
13/01/2016 · What is the Arctic ecosystem
Stereochemical determination of carbon partitioning between photosynthesis and photorespiration in C3 plants: use of (3R)-D-[3-3H1, 3-14C]glyceric acid.
Abiotic and Biotic Factors - Blue Penguin Travel Agency
The composition of the flora varies with habitat. Some algae and lichens live just within reach of wave spray; other algae occur as deep as sufficient light for photosynthesis penetrates (about 75 m on the Atlantic coast and slightly less in more turbid Pacific waters). Intertidally, plants are distributed according to resistance to temperature extremes, desiccation, strong illumination, wave impact, and their ability to compete with other species for space.
Plants Adaptations in Different Habitats
The use of the ratio between the photosynthesis parameters p(ml) and v(cmax) for scaling up photosynthesis of C(3) plants from leaves to canopies: a critical examination of different modelling approaches.