Standards of the APA style include:

No DOI? Use the URL for the database.
When a book has no DOI, write “Retrieved from” followed by the URL of the database. Use these URLs for library e-book databases:

APA citation format for a published MA thesis:

Please use the example at the bottom of this page to cite the Purdue OWL in APA.

The following features have been recently added to Citefast:

APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, (6th ed., 2nd printing).

Note: The in-text citation for the above patent would be:

This guide provides a basic introduction to the APA citation style. It is based on the published in 2010 (2009). Copies of the manual are available at the Vanier and Webster Libraries' Reference Desks, Reference Collections and on 3-hour Reserve. The call number for the manual is .

If the author's name is included in the text of the sentence where the citation takes place

APA Citation Generator - Citation Machine

You will have to check with your faculty or school to know exactly how to write the paper - the guide is meant as an overview of academic papers in general.

Create an APA Thesis Citation for your Bibliography | EasyBib

The first time the in-text reference is cited you must include, author's first name, author's last name, title, place of publication, publisher name, year and referenced pages. e.g.

Thesis Dissertation Citation Apa - …

When correcting papers, we have been surprised by the many students struggling with . Although the standards are somewhat different, citations in the text should not be too difficult to master. The most used standards for referencing in research papers are and .

APA Research Paper Rubric | Citation | Thesis

When a specific page, section, equation, or other division of the work is cited, it follows the date, preceded by a comma. When a volume as a whole is referred to, without a page number, vol. is used. For volume plus page, only a colon is needed. The n in the Fischer and Siple example below indicates "note" (see ). The last example shows how one might cite a section of a work that contains no page or section numbers or other numerical signposts—the case for some electronic documents (see ).

If the authors are named in the text, they do not have to be used in the citation.

Sample Reference Page APA: Sample References Page Spacing.

When a work has 8 or more authors, in-text citations consist of the first author's name followed by "et al." (Latin for "and others") and the date.


An author-date citation in running text or at the end of a block quotation consists of the last (family) name of the author, followed by the year of publication of the work in question. In this context, author may refer not only to one or more authors or an institution but also to one or more editors, translators, or compilers. No punctuation appears between author and date. Abbreviations such as ed. or trans. are omitted.

How to Cite a Thesis/Dissertation in APA.

After writing the academic paper, the researchers . Typically you start with the most regarded journal and then work yourself down the list, until a journal accepts the article.