Developing as Rational Persons: Viewing Our Develo

“This thesis can be summed up in a single, deeply held conviction: that, in science and philosophy alike, an exclusive preoccupation with logical systematicity (sic) has been destructive of both historical understanding and rational criticism. Men demonstrate their rationality, not by ordering their concepts and beliefs in tidy formal structures, but by their preparedness to respond to novel situations with open minds – acknowledging the shortcomings of their previous procedures and moving beyond them” (Preface vii).

This is our ultimate assumption

Herbert A. Simon and the concept of rationality: boundaries and procedures . Gustavo Barros *

An exploration of critical rationalism ..

Toulmin’s wanted to formulate a revised concept of rationality which is not a property of ideas or people but instead it is a matter of the attitude which people adopt towards contending ideas and the way they form critical preferences and if necessary revise them in response to changing circumstances. (He did not use the term ‘critical preferences’)

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He concluded that the strong formulation involving paradigms and revolutions was designed for effect, to “shock the sensibilities” of the bourgeoisie like avant garde art. In response to criticism Kuhn had to water down the amount of change required for an episode to count as a revolution until the “mini revolutions” became so small and localized that he was left with the fairly familiar old idea that there is constant change in different parts of a vigorous field. Sometimes there is a much larger change (Copernicus-Kepler-Galileo-Newton and later Einstein) which has more far-reaching effects but the transition is not rapid or irrational and large areas of the discipline (not to mention science at large) are hardly perturbed by the process.

the Behaviourally Biased Human Criticisms of Perfect Rationality Criticisms of Perfect Self-Interest Criticisms ..
06/01/2018 · Humans are capable of developing into rational beings

been perfect rationality and ..

Let me call this critical view the expertise model of behavior. Oneway to see the difference between this model and simple behavioralism is thefollowing. In the behavioralist account, abiding by rules is a second-bestoption in the face of "bounded rationality." Implicitly, then, one isalways performing less than ideally well when satisficing or following aheuristic, where the ideal is set in terms of what could have been accomplishedby explicit calculation or optimization given adequate resources. In theexpertise account, (tacit) rule following can be inherently superior todeliberate action even in the ideal.

My whole religion is this: do every duty, and expect no reward for it, either here or hereafter.

implied in perfect rationality ..

In the end, I believe, Schütz (like Mises) would not have wanted to placethe analysis of the life-world within the sphere of rational behavior. The"ideal of rationality," he writes, cannot "be a methodologicalprinciple of the interpretation of human acts in daily life" (Schütz 1943,p. 142). In economics -- as distinguished from general sociology, or perhapseven from non-scientific inquiries -- we must use highly abstract or anonymousideal types rather than the more concrete types; and these types must bestrictly rational: "The ideal type of social action must be constructed insuch a way that the actor living in the world would perform the typified act ifhe had a clear and distinct scientific knowledge of all the elements relevantto his choice and the constant tendency to choose the most appropriate meansfor the realisation of the most appropriate end (Schütz 1943, p. 148). In otherwords, the realm of economics is limited to what Hayek (1937) called --critically -- the Pure Logic of Choice. One may argue about how big that realmreally is. But the point is that thedemarcation issue is not obviously one that should concern us today. We nolonger need to have the same preconceptions about what constitutes"theory" or "science" as had the inter-war Viennese. Thereal problem is to find an appropriate and progressive model of behavior forthe kinds of problems that interest us. The Schützian good candidates.

The concept of rationality used in rational choice theory is different from the ..

perfect rationality has been confronted with the ..

8 A long list of such defensive arguments with respect to the rationality assumption can be found in CONLISK (1996, pp. 683) who presents learning as an argument in favor of rationality but criticizes it since it holds only under very perfect conditions. Hence, it is the weakness of this argument and theories that make strong assumptions about learning that these conditions are not identified and the limits imposed by them are not analyzed. See also THALER (1991, p. 158).